I am offering for sale my collection of more than 3,200 books, magazines, brochures, scrapbooks, and other printed matter on codes and ciphers, one of the largest and finest in private hands; and my collection of more than 24 American and foreign cipher machines,cipher devices and related items; plus more than 100 catalogues, brochures, technical manuals and other descriptive literature on cipher machines and crypto devices; more than a dozen video/audio tapes of crypto oriented TV programs, conferences, the 1935 MGM movie, Rendevous,based on H.O. Yardley’s novel, The Blond Countess, and a 1942 15-chapter serial, The Secret Code; more than 20 miscellaneous and unusual cryptologic related items including a letter dated June 14, 1796 from William Coleman, friend of Alexander Hamilton, and publisher of the New York Post, with a message concealed in an old shorthand system, and other unique items; over 70 non-military,amateur and juvenile codes,ciphers,cipher disks,crypto devices, Captain Midnight and  Orphan Annie decoders,etc.; and 16 cryptologic games and toys.I have been gathering these materials for the 60 years I have been interested in codes and ciphers, including the more than 25 years that I have been an editor of Cryptologia, the scholarly journal in the field.

  The collection, totaling thousands of items, occupies more than 230 linear feet of shelf space and fills more than 11 office file drawers. It includes a number of antiquarian books including Trithemio,Ionne Steganographia,1621,in its original vellum binding; Porta, Ioan Baptista. De Furtivis Literarum Notis,vvlgo de Ziferis, libris iiii, 1563, 228 pp.;and Bazeries, Etienne. Les chiffres secrets devoiles 1901, 277 pp.

Other items of cryptologic significance include: William F. Friedman’s 1923 Elements of Cryptanalysis, which first used that term in a book and which endowed cryptology with the terminology that the field still uses and clarified relations between cryptosystems, Friedman’s Military Cryptanalysis,a four-volume expansion that trained thousands in World War II and remains a standard work on classical (pre-public key) cryptology. But one of his greatest feats was his writing of eight Riverbank publications from 1918-1922. Acording to David Kahn’s The Codebreakers, they are“a landmark in the history of cryptology” and except for one reprint, the originals are included in this collection.

In the mid-1970s the National Security Agency planned to replace Friedman’s Military Cryptanalysis with a new hardbound, six-volume series, Military Cryptanalytics. Part I by W.F.Friedman and L.D. Callimahos,was issued in 1956, 443 pp. Part II,by L.D. Callimahos and W.F. Friedman was issued in 1959, 634 pp. These were classified Confidential and are likely the only original government hardbound copies in private hands. Part III by L.D. Callimahos was issued in 1977, 664 pp. and classified Secret and many deletions made for security reasons on the copy in our collection. An FOI law suit revealed that no further volumes were produced.

Among the many other important books are: Traité de Cryptographie by A. Lange et Soudart, Paris, 1925;
Precis De Cryptographie Moderne by C. Eyraud, 1953; Systeme Des Chiffrierens  by A. Figl,1926; Cours de Cryptographie  by Général M. Givierge, 1932; Manuale Di Crittografia by Gen. Luigi Sacco,(and one copy with his signature) 1947; Salakirjoitustaidon Perusteet (Basics of Cryptography) by R.H. Hallamaa, 1937 (Helsinki). Each of the books noted played an important role in the advancedment of cryptologic knowledge and almost all paved the way to the cryptology used in World War II

 Cipher was the U.S. Government’s first manual on cryptography, circa 1869. It contains the personal bookplate of A.W. Greely, Lieut 36th Inf, Acting Signal Officer who wrote on the flyleaf that it was the textbook in his Signal Officer class of 1869 where he was the only officer to pass the final examination. He served as Chief Signal Officer, 1887-1906, and retired as Major General.This unique 156-page text apppears to be the only one in private hands as the only other known copy is owned by the Boston Public Library.

 Books comprise much of the collection and those mentioned above are just a few of the important titles.

Cipher machines/devices include: U.S. Army M-94, whose origin can be traced back to Thomas Jefferson, reinvented by Parker Hitt in 1916 and adopted by Friedman in 1922. It is  rarely found and one sold on E-bay for $7,250. The Hagelin BC-543 is an electrically powered machine in a carrying case and has a service manual.Swiss NEMA.U.S.Army 30 Strip Cipher Device,M-138-A, a folding aluminum board with simulated strips and original carry case.Also a U.S. Army M-325, invented by William F. Friedman based on the German Enigma but never adopted for general use, probably the only copy in private hands. TST (Timmann GmbH & Co.,Germany) 1221 Pocket-Size Text Cipher Set from the mid-1990s, microprocessor controlled with C-MOS integrated circuits. A rare U.S. Army celluloid Cipher Disk, circa 1910-1920) And much more.

 The listing of books is roughly alphabetical with possibly hundreds of items not listed such as periodicals with crypto articles, U.S. Government Reports, Microfilms, 9 loose-leaf books filled with crypto patents, 23 bound volumes with various types of crypto information (mostly photocopies),dozens of file folders with crypto articles,clippings,voluminous correspondence, booklets, out-of-print crypto magazines, and much, much more.

For further information or to make an offer, please contact

 The Collection

A Bibliography of Cryptography. American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 50, 1943, pp. 345-346.

A Consumer Guide to Intelligence. Wash., D.C.: Central Intelligency Agency, 53 pp.

A Heuristic Program to Solve Simple Substitution Ciphers, 12 pp.

A New Cipher Code. Scientific American Supplement, Jan 27, 1917, p. 61.

A Secret-Code Message Machine. Literary Digest, 4/17/26, p. 22.

A Swedish Success. Breaking the German Geheimschreiber during World War II. Twelve-page booklet with English translation of excerpt from Bengt Beckman's book, Svenska Kryptobedrifter. Stockholm, Sweden: Försvarets Radivanstalt, SN-Tryck Ekerö, 1997, 12 pp.

A War Secret. Saturday Evening Post, Oct. 1926, pp. 44, 46, 74. (Xerox)

Aalto, Pentti. Notes on Methods of Decipherment of Unknown Writings and Languages. Studia Orientalia, XI, 1945, pp. 3-35.

Abrams, M.D. & H.J. Podell. Tutorial: Computer and Network Security. CA: IEEE Computer Society, 1987, 430 pp.

Accoce, P. & P. Quet. A Man Called Lucy. NY: Coward-McCann, 1967, 250 pp.

Adámek, Jiri. Foundations of Coding: Theory and Applications of Error-Correcting Codes with an Introduction to Cryptography and information Theory. NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1991, 336 pp.

Adleman, L.M. & R.L. Rivest. The Use of Public Key Cryptography in Communications System Design. 1978 National Telecommunications Conference, Vol. 1, pp. 26.4.1-26.4.4.

Admiral for Pacific. New York Times, 3/15/72, p. 43.

Adoption of Mechanical Cryptography in the Navy [England]. Report of the Committe appointed to advise. June 1914, Public Record Ofice, 11 pp. Photocopy.

Advanced Military Cryptography, Special Text No. 166, Army Extension Courses. Washington: USGPO, 1935, 113 pp.

Agee, P. Inside the Company-CIA Diary. NY: Stonehill Pub. Co., 1975, 640 pp.

Agent, A.N. Spies and Codes. London: Hamlyn/Octopus Children' Books, 1988, 32 pp.

Agre, Philip E. and Marc Rotenberg. Technology and Privacy: The New Landscape. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1997, 325 pp.

Agrell, W. & B. Huldt. Clio goes spying: Eight Essays on the History of Intelligence. Lund, Sweden: University of Lund, 1983, 213 pp.

Albert, Jr., Burton. Top Secret/Codes to Crack. Niles, IL: A. Whitman & Co., 1987, 32 pp.

Albert, A.A. Some Mathematical Aspects of Cryptography. November 22, 1941, 29 pp. (Unpublished paper)

Albert, Jr., Burton. More Codes for Kids. Chicago: A. Whitman & Co., 1979, 32 pp.

Albert, Jr., Burton. Code Busters. Niles, IL: Albert Whitman & Co., 1985, 32 pp.

Alberti, Leon Battista. Dello Scrivere Cifra. Trans. from Latin into Italian by Augusto Buonafalce. Torino, Italy: Galimberti Tipografia Editori, 1995, XXII + 47 pp.

Alberti, L.B. Alberti On Deciphering. A translation by C.J. Mendelsohn of the cryptanalytic portion of the manuscript treatise De Cifris of Leon Battista Alberti. 4 pp. plus 1 page notes.

Alberti, L. B. A Treatise on Cipher (reprint). Torino, Italy: Galimberti Tipografia Editori, 1997, 64 pp.

Albright, Harry. Pearl Harbor: Japan's Fatal Blunder: The True Story behind Japan's Attack on December 7, 1941. NY: Hippocrene Books, 1988, 378 pp.

Aldrich, Richard J. The Key to the South: Britain, the United States, and Thailand during the Approach of the Pacific War, 1929-1942. NY: Oxford University Press, 1993, 416 pp.

_______. Intelligence and the War Against Japan: Britain, America and the Politics of Secret Service. NY: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 500 pp.

_______. Espionage, Security and Intelligence in Britain 945-1970. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1998, 262 pp.

Aldrich, Richard J., Gary Rawnsley & Ming-Yeh T. Rawnsley, eds.The Clandestine Cold War in Asia,1945-65:Western Intelligence, Propaganda and Special Operations. London: Frank Cass Publishers, 2000, 298 pp.

Alexander, D.A. Secret Codes and Decoding. NY: Padell Book Co., 56 pp.

Alexander, Martin S., ed. Knowing Your Friends: Intelligence, Inside Alliances and Coalitions from 1914 to the Cold War. London: Frank Cass Publishers,1998, 304 pp.

Allen, Robert. MENSA Secret Codes for Kids. NY: Scholastic Inc., 1999, 224 pp.

_____________. Mensa Secret Codes for Kids. NY: Barnes & Noble, 2002, 128 pp.

Allen, Thomas A. & Norman Polmar. Merchants of Treason: America's Secrets for sale, From the Pueblo to the Present. NY: Dell Publishing, 1988, 471 pp.

Allen, Thomas A. & Norman Polmar. "The Crypto Bandits." Arlington, VA: Air Force magazine, June 1989, pp. 88 92.

Allied Communications Intelligence and The Battle of the Atlantic. Chapter VI, pp. 79-91.

Allies Solved Top Nazi Code. Newsday, October 25, 1974, p. 13.

Allington, Maynard. The Fox in the Field: A World War II Novel of India. McLean, VA: Brassey's (US), 1994, 214 pp.

Alverez, David &Robert A. Graham. Nothig Sacred: Nazi Espionage Against the Vatical, 1939-1945. London: Frank Cass Publishers, 1999, 190 pp.

_______, David, ed. Allied and Axis Signals Intelligence in World War II. London: Frank Cass Publishers, 1999, 229 pp.

_________, Secret Messages: Codebreaking and American Diplomacy, 1930-1945. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2000, 296 pp.

Amende, Coral. The Crossword Obsession: The History and Lore of the Wrold’s Most Popular Pastime. NY: Berkley Books, 2001, 369 pp.

American History Illustrated. Three articles on Spies in the Revolution including the Church cryptogram. Vol. XXIV, No. 6, December 1989.

America’s Espionage Epidemic. Washington, DC: The Maldon Institute, 10/1/86, 59 pp.

Ameringer, Charles D. U.S. Foreign Intelligence: The Secret Side of American History. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990, 458 pp.

Amoroso, Edward. Fundamentals of Computer Security Technology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1944, 403 pp.

An Evaluation of the NBS Data Encryption Standard. Lexar Corp., 60 pp.

Anderson, J. Brass Bars. New York Post, 5/26/71.

Anderson, J.P. A Heuristic Program to Solve Simple Substitution Ciphers. N.D. 5 pp. plus Appendix, 7 pp.

Anderson, Jack. The 'Gout' In Saigon. New York Post, 4/30/71, p. 38.

Anderson, J. A Heuristic Program to Solve Simple Substitution Ciphers. 4 pp. + Appendix I & II. Also 2 pp. on flow chart for Vigenere.

Anderson, J.M. Data Security for your Personal Computer. On Computing, Winter 1980, 63-66.

Anderson, J.P. The Autotransposition Cipher. N.D., 8 pp.

Anderson, J.P. Notes on the Cryptanalysis of a Multiliteral Cipher Device. Burroughs Laboratories, Systems Dept., Research Div., 10/1/61, 7 pp.

Anderson, Ross, ed. Information Hiding: First International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, Proceedings. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1996, 351 pp.

Anderson, Ross,ed. Fast Software Encryption. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1994, 221 pp.

Anderson, Ross. Security Engineering: A Guide to Building Dependable Distributed Systems. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2001, 612 pp.

Andre, R.V. Pattern & Nonpattern Words of 2 to 6 Letters. Norman, OK: Raja Books, 1977.

Andreassen, Karl. Cryptology and the Personal Computer with Programming in BASIC. Laguna Hills, CA Aegean Park Press, 1986, 157 pp.

Andreassen, Karl. Computer Cryptology: Beyond Decoder Rings. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1988, 268 pp.

Andree, R.V. Cryptography as a Branch of Mathematics. The Mathematics Teacher, Nov. 1952, PP. 503-509.

Andree, Richard V. Mathematical Cryptography. Notes/Text for Seminar on Cryptography. University of Oklahoma, 1974.

Andree, R.V. Cryptanalysis. Scripta Mathematica, March 1952, pp. 5-17.

Andree, Josephine & Richard V. Secret Ciphers-Textbook. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, 1976, 136 pp.

________________. Instructor’s Manual for Cryptarithms,Preliminary version.Norman OK: University of Oklahoma, 1976, 59 pp.

________________. Instructor’s Manual for Sophisticated Ciphers. Norman, OK: Univeristy of Oklahoma, N.D., 21 pp.

________________. Sophisicated Ciphers. University of Oklahoma, 1978, 149 pp.

Andrew, Christopher. Her Majesty's Secret Service: The Making of the British Intelligence Community. NY: Sifton/Viking, 1986, 619 pp.

Andrew, Christopher, ed. Codebreaking and Signals Intelligence. Savage, MD: Frank Cass, c/o Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1986, 137 pp.

Andrew, Christopher, ed. Intelligence and National Security, from Jan. 1986, Vol. 1 to date. [full run] Ilford, England: Frank Cass & Co., Ltd.

Andrew, Christopher & Oleg Gordievsky. More Instructions from the Centre: Top Secret Files on KGB Global Operations, 1975-1985. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, c/e ISBS, 1992, 130 pp.

Andrew, Jean, ed. Our Cryptograms. NY: Ace Books, 1976, 153 pp.

Andrew, Christopher. For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. NY: Harper Collins, 1995, 660 pp.

Andrew, Christopher & D. Dilkes, eds. The Missing Dimension, Governments and Intelligence Communities in the Twentieth Century. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1984, 300 pp.

Andrews, Christopher & Jeremy Noakes. Intelligence and International Relations, 1908-1945. Exeter, England: University of Exeter, 1987, 314 pp.

Andrews, Carol. The British Book of the Rosetta Stone. NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 1991, 54 pp.

Angammane, Captain. Déchiffrement de la Cryptographie Sans Instruments Du Commandant Deltheil. Paris: Henri Charles-Lavauzelle, 1900, 37 pp.

An Historic Computer Document. The 1946 Pendergrass Report, Cryptanalysis and the Digital Computer.41 pp. With An Introduction By Colin Burke.36 pp.

Anleitung zum Bundeswehr-Handschlüssel (Reihenschieberverfehren). March 1960, 29 pp. (Xerox)

Anleitung zum Doppelwürfel-Verfahren. October 1958, 18 pp.

Anonymous (J. Rives Childs) Before The Curtain Falls. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1932, 333 pp.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Today's Cryptography. Redwood City, CA: RSA Laboratories, 1993, 44 pp.

Antonucci, Michael. “Code-Cracker” Harrisburg, PA: Civil War Times Illustrated, Aug. 1995, pp. 46-53, 72-75.

Appendices to the White Paper Analysis of National Policy Options for Cryptography. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NTIA, 1980.

Application of the Elementary Theory of Numbers Upon the Theory of a Cipher Machine. 6 pp. typed, possibly a translation.

Arabic & Russian Telegraph Code. 2 pp.

Ardman, Harvey. U.S. Code-breakers vs. Japanese Code-Breakers in World War II. The American Legion Magazine, May 1972, 18-23, 38-42.

Ardman, H. The Great "Robot" Arms Race. The American Legion Magazine, Oct. 1972, 10-16.

Arensberg, Walter. The Cryptography of Dante. NY: A.A. Knopf, 1921, 494 pp.

Army Security Agency School Manual On Signal Intelligence. 20 pp.

Arndt, Christoph. Information Measures: Information and its Description in Science and Engineering. NY: Springer-Verlag, 2000, 547 pp.

Arnols, Bill. Emily Dickinson’s Secret Love: Mystery “Master” Behind Poems. Lake Worth, FL: PPB Press, 1998, 227 pp.

Arnold, W.E. Arnold's Cipher, No. 4. The Improved Railroad Telegraphic Cipher. Louisville, KY: The Standard Printing Cop., 1883, 147 pp.

Artaxerxes. Analyzing Cryptograms, 9 pp.

Arvengas, Hubert. Antoine Rossignol et le grand Chiffre de Louis XIV. Bulletin de la Societe des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres du Tarn, Vol. XVI, new series, Jan-Dec. 1955, pp. 511-516.

Ascher, M. & R. Code of the Quipu. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1981, 166 pp.

Ashley, Mike, ed. The Mammoth Book of New Sherlock Holmes Advebtures. NY: Carroll & Graf Pub., Inc., 1977, 524 pp.

Ashton, Christina. Codes & Ciphers: Hundreds of Unusual and Secret Ways to Send Secret Messages. Cincinnati, OH: Betterway Books, 1993, 110 pp.

Association des Réservistes du Chiffre. Du Bulletin, Nouvelle Séries No. 5, 1977, 60 pp. Also No. 7, 1979, 64 pp.; No. 8, 1980, 39 pp.; No. 9, 1981, 59 pp.; No. 10, 1982, 72 pp.; No. 11, 1983, 103 pp.; No. 13, 1985, 53 pp.; No. 17, 1989, 51 pp.; No. 18, 1990, 22 pp.; No. 19, 1991, 46 pp.
Association des Réservistes du Chiffre et de la Sécurité de L'information, No. 20, 1992, 47 pp.;  No. 21, 1993, 51 pp.; No. 22, 1994, 69 pp.; No. 23, 1995/96, 85 pp.; No. 24, 1996/97, 85 pp.;No. 25, 1997/98, 96 pp.; No. 26, 1998/99, 90 pp.; No. 27, 1999, 130pp.; No. 28, 2000, 140 pp. ; No. 29, 2001, 121 pp. ;

Athanasiou, T. Encryption, Technology, Privacy, and National Security. Technology Review, Aug./Sept. 1986, 56-64, 66.

Atherton, Louise. Top Secret: An Interim Guide to Recent Releases of Intelligence Records at the Public Record Office. London: PRO Publications, Public Record Office, 1993, 32 pp.

Augot, Daniel, ed. Workshop on Coding and Cryptography 2001, Proceedings. Guer, France: Co?tquidan Military Academier Publishing, 2001, 558 pp.

Auslander, Charles O. How To Construct Your Own Puzzles: It’s Much Easier than solving, More Fun, and Rewarding NY: Vantage Press, 1987, 59 pp.

Avinur, Michael. Ciphers.Published in Israel. 1976, 48 pp.

Award Radio Crypto Pact. Electronic News, Sept. 3, 1973.

Bacard, André. The Complete Privacy Handbook: A Practical Guide to E-mail Encryption, Data Protection, and PGP Privacy Software. Berkeley, CA: Peachpit Press, 1995, 274 pp.

Bach, Eric & Jeffrey Shallit. Algorithmic Number Theory, Vol. I, Efficient Algorithms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996, 512 pp.

Bachrach, Deborah. Pearl Harbor: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1989, 112 pp.

Bailey, J.E. Cryptography. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed., 1877, Vol. VI, 669-671.

Bailly, Sharon. All About Notes, from Secret Codes and Special Inks to Fancy Folds and Dead Man’s Drops. Brookfield, CT: The Millbrook Press, 1995, 64 pp.

Bakeless, John. Spies in the Revolution. Gettysburg: American History Illustrated, Vol. VI, No. 3, June 1971, 36-45.

______________. Turncoats, Traitors and Heroes: Espionage in the American Revolution.Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1959, 406 pp.

______________. Turncoats, Traitors and Heroes: Espionage in the American Revolution. NY: Da Capo Press, 1998, 406 pp.

Bakeless, Katherine & John. Spies of the Revolution. Scholastic Book Services, 1966, 220 pp.

Baker, Eugene. Secret Writing-Codes and Messages. Chicago: Children's Press, 1980, 32 pp.

Baker, Carlos. The Gay Head Conspiracy. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973, 185 pp.

Baker, Stewart A. and Paul R. Herst. The Limits of Trust: Cryptography, Government and Electronic Commerce. Cambridge, MA: Kluwer Law International, 1998, 621 pp.

Bakst, A. Mathematics, Its Magic and Mastery. Chapter 6 - There's Secrecy in Numbers. D. Van Nostrand Co., 1952, 79-101.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): The Ground Stations and Systems. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1986, 38 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Signals Intelligence in the Post-Cold War Era: Developments in the Asia-Pacific Region. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1993, 144 pp.

Ball, Desmond. The Use of the Soviet Embassy in Canberra for Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Collection. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1987, 26 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): The Use of Diplomatic Establishments. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1987, 110 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence. Palo Alto, CA: The International Countermeasures Handbook, 1987, pp. 73-89.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): Intercepting Satellite Communications. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1989, 151 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) in South Korea. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1995, 83 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): Listening to ASCEAN. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1989, 35 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): Vehicular Systems and Operations. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1988, 23 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1989, 159 pp.

Ball, Duncan & Ian Ball. The Spy Code Handbook: How to Make Code and Cipher Machines To Outfox Your Enemies. Pymble, Australia: Collins Angus & Robertson, 1993, 49 pp.

Ball, D.J. Allied Intelligence Cooperation Involving Australia During WW II. Australian Outlook, pp. 299-309.

Ball, Desmond. Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) in South Asia: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Canberra, Australia: Australia National University, 1996, 111 pp.

Ball, Desmond & Robert Windrem. Soviet Signals Intelligence (SIGINT): Organization and Management. Canberra, Australia: Australian Nat. Univ., 1989, 52 pp.

Ball, Desmond. Pine Gap: Australia and the U.S. Geostationary Signals Intelligence Satellite Program. Winchester, MA: Unwin Hyman, 1988, 121 pp.

Ball, Desmond. A Suitable Piece of Real Estate. Sydney, Australia: Hale & Iremonger, 1980, 180 pp.

Ball Desmond and David Horner. Breaking the Codes: Australia’s KGB Network, 1944-1950. St. Leonardes, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1998, 468 pp.

Ball, W.W. Rouse. Mathematical Recreations and Essays. NY: The Macmilan Co., 1962, 418 pp.

Ballard, Geoffrey. On ULTRA Service: The Story of Australia's Signals Intelligence Operations During World War II. Richmond, Australia: Spectrum Pub. Pty Ltd., 1991, 470 pp.

Bamford, James. The Puzzle Palace: A Report on NSA, America’s Most Secret Agency. NY: Houghton Miflin Co., 1982, 465 pp.

Bamford, James. Body of Secrets: Anatomy of the Ultra-Secret National Security Agency: From the Cold War Through the Dawn of a New Century. NY: Doubleday, 2001, 721 pp.

Bancroft,Elizabeth, Managing Editor, Surveillant:Acquisitions and Commentary For Intelligence And Security Professionals.  Vol. 1 No. 1, July/August 1990, 24 pp.- Vol. 4, Nos. 4 & 5, 94 pp.

Banderly, Mark B. Super Cryptograms. NY: Hart Publishig Co., Inc., 1979, 96 pp.

Barak, M. The Enigma. New York: W. Morrow & Co., 1978, 240 pp.

Baran, Paul. On Distributed Communications: IX Security, Secrecy and Tamper-Free Considerations. The Rand Corporation, RM-3765=-PR, 1964, 39 pp.

Barber, E.J.W. Archaeological Decipherment. Princeton University Press, 1974, 276 pp.

Barber, P. Diplomacy: The World of the Honest Spy. London: The British Library, 1979, 143 pp.

Barber, Laurie and Cliff Lord. Swift and Sure: A History of the Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals and Army Signalling in New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: New Zealand Signals, Inc., 1996, 296 pp.

Bare Story of Britain's Code War. New York Post, October 9, 1974, p. 40.

Barger, Charles J. Radio Equipment of the Third Reich, 1933-1945. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 1991, 106 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptanalysis of the Single Columnar Transposition Cipher. Rutland, VT: C.E. Tuttle Co., 1961, 140 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptanalysis of the Simple Substitution Cipher With Word Divisions Using Non-Pattern Word Lists. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1975, 212 pp.

Barker, W., ed. The History of Codes and Ciphers in the U.S. During WW I. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1979, 263 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptanalysis of an Enciphered Code Problem-Where an "additive" Method of Encipherment Has Been Used. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1979, 174 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptograms in Spanish. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1985, 122 pp.

Barker, W. G. & R.E. Coffman. The Anatomy of Two Traitors. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1981, 130 pp.

Barnard, G.A. Statistical Calculation of Word Entropies for Four Western Languages. IRE-Information Theory, March 1955, 49-53.

Barker, A.J. Pearl Harbor. Ballantine Books, 1969, 160 pp.

Barker, W., ed. The History of Codes and Ciphers in the U.S. During the Period Between the World Wars. Part I, 1919-1929. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1979, 186 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptograms. Laguna Hills: Aegean Park Press, 1980, 119 pp.

Barker, W., ed. The History of Codes and Ciphers in the U.S. Prior to WW I. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1978, 159 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptanalysis of the Hagelin Cryptograph. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1977, 223 pp.

Barker, W. Cryptanalysis of Shift-Register Generated Stream Cipher Systems. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1984, 247 pp.

Baron, John. KGB: The Secret Work of Soviet Secret Agents. New York: Bantam Books, 1974, 624 pp.

Baron, John. Breaking the Ring: The Bizarre Case of the Walker Family Spy Ring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1987, 244 pp.

Barr, Thomas H. Invitation ro Cryptology. NY:Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002, 396 pp.

Bartlett, Bruce P. Cover-Up: The Politics of Pearl Harbor, 1941-1946. Arlington House, 1978, 189 pp.

Base, Graeme. The Eleventh Hour: A Curious Mystery. NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1989, 32 pp.

Bates, D.H. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office. New York: The Century Co., 1907, 432 pp.

Bates, D.H. A Rebel Cipher Dispatch. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, June 1898, pp. 105-109.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office. II-His Special Interest in the Work of the Cipher-Operator. The Century Magazine, pp. 290-306.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollections of the United States Military Telegraph Corps during the Civil War (reprint). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, 1995, 432 pp.

Bath, Alan Harris. Tracking the Axis Enemy: The Triumph of Anglo-American Naval Intelligence. Lawrence, KS: Univerity Press of Kansas,1998, 308 pp.

Battista, Eugenio & Giuseppa Saccaro Battista. Le Macchine Cifrate Di Giovanni Fontana. Milan, Italy: Arcadia Edizioni, 1984, 168 pp.

Baudoin, Capt. R. Elements of Cryptography. Washington, DC: Army Security Agency, trans. by Capt. A.E. Highley, N.D., 211 pp.

Baudoin, Roger. Éléments de Cryptographie. Paris: Éditions A. Pedone, 1939, 336+ pp.

Baudoin, Commandant. Elements of Cryptography. Paris: Editions A. Pedrone, 1946, 263 pp. trans. from the French by F.C. Flindt.

Baudoin, R. Chiffre et Cryptographie; Le Chiffre et son Emploi Militaire. Revue de l'Armée de l'Air, Jan.-Feb. 1939, 5-22.

Baudoin, Commandant R. Éléments de Cryptographie. Paris: Editions A. Pedrone, 1946, 336 pp.

Bauer, Friedrich L. Kryptologie: Methoden und Maximen. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1993, 357 pp.

Bauer, Friedrich L. Enyzifferte Geheimnisse: Methoden und Maximen der Kryptologie. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1995, 391 pp.

Bauer, Friedrich L. Decrypted Secrets: Methods and MMaxims of Cryptology. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1997, 448 pp.

Bauer, Friedrich L. Kryptologie (Vorlesungsskriptum) München, Germany: Technische Universitat München, 1991, 201 pp.

Bauer, Maria. Foundations Unearthed. Glendale, CA Veritas Press, 1944, 65 pp.

Bausum, Henry S. and David Bausum. The Journal of Military History Cumulative Index: Vols. 1-58, 1937-1994. Lexington, VA: Society for Militry History, 1995, 507 pp.

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Calvocoressi, Peter. The Ultra secrets of Station X. London Sunday Times Weekly Review, Nov. 24, 1974, pp. 33-34.

Calvocoressi, P. When Enigma Yielded Ultra. The Secrets of Enigma. The Value of Enigma. London: The Listener. Jan. 20, 1977, 70-71; Jan. 27, 1977, 112-114; Feb. 3, 1977, 135-137.

Camp, John. The Fool's Run. NY: Henry Holt & Co., Inc., 1989, 254 pp.

Campaigne, H. Cryptanalysis, Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology. NY: Marcel Dekker, 1977, 434-447.

Campbell, J.P. The Ultra Revelations: The Dieppe Raid. Canadian Defence Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 1, Summer 1976, p. 36-42.

Campbell, D. Secret Service. NY: Gloucester Press, 1988, 32 pp.

Campbell, D. Secrecy for its own sake. New Statesman, 7/23/82, 6-8

Campbell, D. & L. Melvern. America's big ear on Europe. New Statesman, July 18, 1980, pp. 10-14.

Campbell, D. Threat of the Electronic Spies. New Statesman, Feb. 2, 1979, 142-145.

Campbell, D. Whose Eyes On Secret Data? New Scientist, March 2, 1978, 593-595.

Campbell, D. Surveillance Électronique Planétaire. Paris: Éditions Alia, 2000, 169 pp.

Candela, Rosario. Cryptography Part I. NY: Cardanus Press, 1942, 28 pp.

Candela, Rosario. Isomorphism and its Applications in Cryptanalysis. NY: Cardenus Press, 1946, 31 pp.

Candela, R. Cryptography Course Notes.

Candela, R. The Military Cipher of Commandant Bazeries. NY: Cardanus Press, 1938, 137 pp.

Cantwell, John D. The Second World War: A Guide to Documents in the Public Record Office. Surrey, U.K.: Public Record Office, 1999, 224 pp.

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Capt. L.F. Safford, Navy Codes Expert. New York Times Obituary, May 18, 1973.

Capt. A.D. Kramer, Navy Code Expert. New York Times Obit. Oct. 10, 1972.

Captured Russian 2-Digit Code. 2 pp. microfilm print (poor) T-314:150:921, T-314:150:923.

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Carey, Col. Arthur T. The Effect of Ultra on the World War II North African Campaign. US Army War College, Study Project, 1982, 53 pp.

Carle, Eric. The Secret Birthday Message. NY: T.Y. Crowell Co., 1972.

Carleial, A.B. & M.E. Hellman. A Note on Wyner's Wiretap Channel. IEEE Trans. on Information Theory, May 1977, 387-390.

Carlgren, Wilhelm M. Svensk Underrättelse Tjänst 1939-1945. Stockholm: Liber Allmänna Förlahet, 1985, 210 pp.

Carmel, Hedi, ed. Intelligence for Peace: The Role of Intelligence in Times of Peace. London: Frank Cass Publishers, 1999, 264 pp.

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Carlson, John Roy. Under Cover. NY: E.P. Dutton, 1943, 544 pp.

Carroll, John M. Secrets of Electronic Espionage. NY: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1966, 224 pp.

Carroll, James.  Firebird.  NY: E.P. Dutton, 1989, 437 pp.

Carter, Frank. Codebreaking with the Colossus Computer. Bletchley Park, England: BP Trust, Report No. 1, 1996, 20 pp.

Carter, Frank. Codebreaking with the Colossus Computer: An Account of the Methods used for Finding the K-wheel settings, including an illustration. Bletchley Park, England: BP Trust, Report No. 3, 1997, 12 pp.

Carter, Frank. Codebreaking with the Colossus Computer: Findiong the K-wheel Patterns. An account of some of the techniques used, with a full illustrative example. Bletchley Park, England: BP Trust, Report No. 4, 1997, 37 pp.

____________. The First Breaking of Enigma: Some of the Pioneering Techniques developed by the Polish Cipher Bureau. Bletchley Park, England: Bletchley Park Trust, Report No. 10, July 1999, 36 pp.

Carter, frank and John Gallehawk. The Enigma Machine and the Bombe: The Story of the Breaking of the Enigma Cipher over the period 1932-1945. Bletchley Park, England: Bletchley Park Trust, Report No. 9 revised edition, July 1999, 20 pp.

Carter, Nick. The Ultimate Code. NY: Award Books, 1975, 172 pp.

Carter, C.H. The Western Powers, 1500-1700. Chapter 6. Code, Cypher and Security, 233-259. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Carter, Nick. The Tarlov Cipher. NY: Charter Books, 1985, 175 pp.

Cartier, General. Un Problème de Cryptographie et d'Histoire. Paris, France: Mercure De France, 1938, 334 pp.

Cartier, H. Le Service d'écoute pendant la guerre. Radioélectricité, 4(1923), 453-460, 491-498.

Cartier, H. Le Secret en radiotélégraphie. Radioélectricité, 6(1925), 444-445, 465-467; 7(1926), 6-10, 84-89, 142-144; cont'd as Télégraphie et radiotélégraphie secrète, ibidem, 7(1926), 275-278, 297-301.

Casler, Dave. The Fox Hunt Adventure. Mississippi State, MS: MFJ Enterprises, 1992, 136 pp.

Ceillier, Rémi. La Cryptographie. Paris: Presses Universitaires De France, 1958, 134 pp.

Center for Cryptologic History. Open Sources on Cryptology. Fort Meade, MD: National Security, 63 pp.

Chacko, David. The Black Chamber. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1988, 294 pp.

Chacko, David. White Gamma. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1988, 278 pp.

Chadwick, John. The Decipherment of Linear B. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1970, 164 pp.

Chadwick, John. The Decipherment of Linear B. NY: Random House, 1958, 157 pp.

Chadwick, John. The Decipherment of Linear B. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 164 pp.

Chambers, R.W. Who Goes There. NY: A.L. Burt Co., 1915, 340 pp.

Chant, Christopher. The Encyclopedia of Codenames of WW II. NY: Methuen, Inc., 1988, 344 pp.

Chapman, J.W.M. The Polish Connection: Japan, Poland and the Axis Alliance. Proceedings of the British Association for Japanese Studies, v. 2, 1977.

Chapman, J.W.M. The Price of Admiralty: The War Diary of the German Naval Attache in Japan, 1939-1943, Vol. I & Vol. II. East Sussex, England: Saltire Press, Vol. I, 1982, 241 pp.; Vol. II, 1984, 382 pp.

Chapman, John W.M. Signals Intelligence Collaboration among the Tripartite Pact States on the Eve of Pearl Harbor. Oxford, England: Japan Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Sept. 1991) 231-256.

Chapman, John W.M. The Price of Admiralty: The War Diary of the Naval Attache in Japan, 1939-1943, vol. IV, 10 September 1941-31 January 1942. East Sussex, England: Saltire Press, 1990, 530 pp.

Chapman, J.W.M. German Signals Intelligence and the Space War. Proceedings of the British Association for Japanese Studies, v. 4(1979) 131-149.

Chapman, Sally. Raw Data. St. Martin’s Pres, 1991, 266 pp.

Char, Ben-Zion. Two Issues in Public Key Cryptography, RSA Bit Security and a New Knapsack Type System. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1986, 78 pp.

Chase, P.E. Mathematical Holocryptic Cyphers. The Mathematical Monthly, 1(1859) 194-196.

Chasiain, D.K. Security vs. Performance. Datamation, Nov. 1973, pp. 110-111, 116.

Chaum, D. ed. Advances in Cryptology: Proceedings of Crypto '83. NY: Plenum Press, 1984, 395 pp.

Chaum, D. & W.L. Price, eds. Advances in Cryptology: Proceedings of Eurocrypt '87. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1988, 314 pp.

Chaum, D. R.L. Rivest & A.T. Sherman. Advances in Cryptology: Proceedings of Crypto '82. NY: Plenum Pub. Co., 1983, 331 pp.

Cherpak, Evelyn M., Compiler. A Guide To Archives, Manuscripts,And Oral Histories In The Naval Historical Collection. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1987, 70 pp.

Chesson, F.W. Computers and Cryptology. Datamation, Jan. 1973, pp. 62-64, 77-81.

Chesson, F.W. Computer Cryptography - How To Decipher Secret Messages. Radio-Electronics, Dec. 1977, 48-50 pp.

Chesson, F.W. World War II's Legacy to Digital Techniques. ROM magazine, March/April 1978, pp. 92-94.

Chesson, F.W. Crypto Corner (Articles in Electronic Engineering Times) Aug. 13, 1973; Nov. 5, 1973; Jan. 14, 1974; Feb. 11, 1974; Mar. 11, 1974; April 8, 1974; July 15, 1974; Sept. 23, 1874.

Chesson, F.W. Computers and Cryptography. ROM magazine, Jan.
1978, pp. 98-99.

Chevrillon, Claire. Code Name Christine Clouet: A Woman in the French Resistance. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995, 221 pp.

Childs, J.R. The Voynich Manuscript Revisited. NSA Technical Journal. Special Linguistics Issue III, 1976-1978, pp. 13-16.

Childs, J.R. Vignettes, or Autobiographical Fragments. NY: Vantage Press, 1977, 216 pp.

Childs, J.R. German Military Ciphers From February To November, 1918. Technical paper of the Signal Intelligence Section, War Plans and Training Division, Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1935, 55 pp.

Childs, J.R. The History and Principles of German Military Ciphers, 1914-1918. Paris, 1919, 212 pp.

Childs, J.R. On the Italian and South Eastern Front, 7 pp. n.d. System in Use by the Germans Between Berlin and Constantinople n.d., 6 pp. plus "A,"  6 pp., "B," 4 pp.; "C," 3 pp. & "D," 2 pp.  Experimentation With Our Code, 5/17/18, 5 pp. Trans.of a captured German Document. Instructions for Grill-Process in Ciphers. 10/23/18, 4 pp. Code Used by German Agents, 11/7/18, 3 pp.

Chiles, James R. Breaking codes was this couples career. Smithsonian,June,1987,pp.128-130,132,134,136,138,140,142,144.

Chirillo, John. Hacker Attacks Denied: A Complete Guide to Network Lockdown. NT: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001 491 pp. with CD-ROM.

Chirillo, John. Hacker Attackes Revealed: A Complete Reference with Custom Security Hackig Toolkit. NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001, 994 pp. with CD-ROM.

Chmora, Andrew & Stephen B. Wicker, eds. Error Control, Cryptology and Speech Compression. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1994, 121 pp.

Chrisman, Oscar. The Secret-Language of Childhood. Century Magazine, May 1898, Vol. 56, pp. 54-58.

Christoffersson, P. et al. Crypto Users's Handbook: A Guide for Implementation of Cryptographic Protection in Computer Systems. NY: Elvesier Science Pub. Co., Inc. 1988, 94 pp.

Churchhouse, Robert F. Codea and Ciphers: Julius Caesar, the Enigma, and the internet. NY: Cambridge Univeristy Press, 2002, 240 pp.

Churchyards of Trinity Parish In the City of New York. NY: Corporation of Trinity Church, 1969, 102 pp.

Cilley, F.H. Secret Writing, Its Principles and Methods. May 1890, 59 pp. Retyped.

Cipher Debunked But Not Decoded. New York Times, May 6, 1975, pp. 41, 54.

Cipher Messages Printed by Disk Machine. Popular Mechanics, Sept. 1933, p. 384.

Cipher Items Added. Air Force Times, 9/15/71.

Ciphers and Cipher Keys. Living Age, Vol. 33, 9/15/27, pp. 491-495.

Ciphers With Pseudo-Random Keys: A Progress Report. 5 pp.

Civil War Cipher Telegrams. Xerox copies from F.W. Chesson.

Clark, R. The Man Who Broke Purple. Little, Brown & Co., 1977, 271 pp.

Clark, J.F., Allen, W.W. & D.H. Klooster. Computers and Information Processing: Concepts and Applications. Cincinnati: South Western Pub. Co., 1990, 512 pp.

Clarke, Brig. Gen C.W. Statement for record of participation of Brig. Gen. C.W. Clarke in the transmittal of letters from Gen. G.C. Marshall to Gov. T.E. Dewey the latter part of September 1944.  14 pp.

Clarke, Thurston. Pearl Harbor Ghosts: A Journey to Hawaii Then and Now. NY: William Morrow & Co., 1991, 411 pp.

Clarke, Barry R. Puzzles for Pleasure. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1994, 118 pp.

Cleator, P.E. Lost Languages. NY: Mentor Books, 1962, 192 pp.

Clemente, Frank A. The Israeli Secret Services. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1996, 103 pp.

Clift, D. The Spy in the Room. NY: Mystery House, 1944, 255 pp.

Cline, M.W., ed. Teaching Intelligence in the Mid-1980s. Washington: National Intelligence Study Center, 1985, 111 pp.

Cline, M.W., C.E. Christiansen & J.M. Fontaine, eds. Scholars Guide to Intelligence Literature. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, Inc., 1983, 236 pp.

Clodd, E. The Story of the Alphabet. D. Appleton-Century Co., 1935, 209 pp.

Cochran, Jr., A.S. The MAGIC Diplomatic Summaries: A Chronological Finding Aid. NY: Garland Pub., Inc., 1982, 139 pp.

Cochran, Jr. A.S. "Magic," "Ultra," and the Second World War: Literature, Sources, and Outlook. Military Affairs, vol. XLVI, No. 2, April 1982, 88-92.

Cochran, Jr., A.S. Protecting the Ultimate Advantage. Military History, June 1985, 42-49.

Code-Breakers' Work Presented to Library. Washington Star, 8/15/71.

Coded Cablegrams Sent By Russian Government in 1880 to Boston Resident.

Codes and Ciphers. American Mathematical Monthly, Nov. 1919, pp. 409-413.

Codes Are Fragile. Spring 3100, April 1952, pp. 10-13.

Codes Used By Spies. New York Times Magazine, 11/9/41, p. 24.

Code-Words. Compiled by Crosswords Unlimited. NY: Pinnacle Books, 1973, 160 pp.

Coe, Michael D. Breaking The Mayan Code. NY: Thames and Hudson, 1992, 304 pp.

Cohen, Frederick B. Protection and Security in the Information Superhighway. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1995, 301 pp.

Col (Colin Leveridge). Codes and Ciphers. Gloscow, Scotland: Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd., 1964, 30 pp.

Col. Parker Hitt, 93, Cryptology Expert. New York Times, Obituary, 5/28/71.

Coleman, S.J. Quaint Cryptograms, Curious Codes and Strange Shorthand. Douglas, England: Folklore Academy, 1962, 12 pp.

Collection of Papers Related to the "Winds Execute" Message. SRH-210. U.S. Navy, 1945, 80 pp.

Collon, August. Étude sur la Cryptographie Son emploi à la guerre et dans la diplomatie. Tome I, II, III. Brussels, Belgium: Extract from Revue de l'armée Belge, Tome I, 1899, 201 pp.; Tome II, 1902, 224 pp.; Tome III, 1905, 103 +pp.

Colomer, D. Trodomiro De Aguilar. Criptografia por el Consejero de Embajada.

Commercial Codes. Nation's Business, June 1948, 82-83.


Acme Complete Seven Figure Code. NY: Acme Code Co., 8 pp.
Adams Cable Code. Boston, MA: Financial Publishing Co., 1925, 201 pp.
Anaconda Telegraph Code, 1958, 626 pp.
Arnold, W.E. Arnold’s Cipher No. 4. The Improved Railroad Telegraphic Cipher. Louisville, KY: The Standard Printing Co., 1883, 147 pp.
Bankers’ International Code Tables. 1929, 58 pp.
Bentley, E.L. Bentley’s Complete Phrase Code Improved. Allied Code Co., 1918.
Bentley. E.L. Bentley’s Complete Phrase Code.1909, 346 pp.
Bentley. Bentley’s Complete Phrase Code (American Edition). NY: Allied Code Co., 211 pp. plus supplement.
Bentley. Bentley’s Complete Phrase Code. London: Rose Printing Co., 1921, 291+ pp.
Bernard, D.H. The Nautical Telegraph Code Book. Glasgow: J. Brown & Son, 1907, 158 pp.
Biedermann, C.L. Bio Code. Hamburg: L. Friederichsen & Co., 1933, 24 pp.
Boe, C. Commercial Phrase and Shipping Code. Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1927, 467 pp.
Brüel, W. Clave Telegráfica Colon de Viaje. Hamburg : Brüel & Co., 1924, 553 pp.
Clausen-Thue, W. The ABC Universal Commerical Electric Telegraphic Code. London: Eden Fisher & Co., 1883, 480 pp.
Clausen-Thue, W. Clave Telegrafica ABC. NY: American Code Co., 1915, 1511+ PP.
Clausen-Thue, W. The ABC Code, Fifth Edition. NY: American Code Co., 1923, 1485 pp.
Clave “Commerical” Con Apendice. NY: Standard Code Co., 1922, 835 pp. plus app.
Commercial Telegraph and Cable Code. NY Standard Code Co., 1916, 835 pp. plus supp.
Eldridge’s Thirteen Figure Code. NY: American Code Co., 1926, 9 pp.
Evans, J. The Evans Basic English Code. Chicago: John & Clarence Evans, 1947, 100pp.
Farquhar, C. Cosmo Cipher Words [code]. NY: American Code Co., 1913.
Fiske, A.B. Fiske’s Stock Exchange and Commodity Code. NY: Fiske-Howard Code Co., 1926, 188 pp.
General Telegraph Code. NY: Business Code Co., 1922, 1036 pp.
Hartfield, J.C. Hartfield’s “Lisbonian” Selection of Roots and Terminals Contaning 21,323 five letter words . . .[code]. NY: Hartfield Tel. Code Pub. Co., 1911.
Harvey, Henry. Harvey’s Acnos Code. NY: American Code Co., Reprint of 4th edition of 1892, 110 pp.
Krohn, C.H.C. Bischstaben-und Zahlen-Systeme für die Chiffrirung von Telegrammen, Briefen und Postkarten. Berlin, 1873.
Krohn, C.H.C. Systeme für die Chiffrirung von Telegrammen, Briefen und Telegrammen, Berlin, 320 pp/ Xerox.
Lieber, B. Franklin. Clave Telegráfica Americana De Cinco Letras De Liebler. NY : Lieber Code Co., 1911, 800 pp.
Lieber, B.F. Lieber’s Five Letter American Telegraphic Code. NY: Lieber Code Co., 1915, 800 pp.
Lombard Code Service. London: Code Services, Ltd., 1933, 19pp.
Mackay, C.H. Cable Code. NY: American Code Co., 1925, 64 pp.
Phillips, Walter P. The Phillips Code (Bi-Centennial reprint of 1925 edition). Orland Park, IL: Harwell E. West, 1975, 64+ pp.
Pocket Blank Code – Number Five. NY: American Code Co./ 1934, 64 pp.
Privare Code.London: Morgan Lyons & Co., 9 pp.
Reiss, E. “Simplex” Private Code Tables. NY : Simplex Code Co., 1910, 88 pp.
Rice Journal’s Telegraph. Crowley, LA : Signal Pub., 84 pp.
Robinson, S.L. The Robinson Telegraphic Cipher. Chicago: Grain Dealers Journal, 1897. 103 pp. plus supplement.
Robinson, S.L. The Robinson Telegraphic Cipher. Chicago: N.N., 1897, 103 pp. plus 29 pp. supplement.
Rolllins, M. Fifth Montgomery Code. London: G. Routledge & Sons, 1910, 616 pp.
Schofield, R. Schofield’s Eclectic Phrase Code. 1914, 591 pp.
Shepperson, A.B., arranger. The Standard Telegraphic Cipher Code for the Coton Trade. NY: Shepperson Pub. Co. 1915(?)
Simplex Cryptograph: A Complete Cipher for General Use. Providence, RI: Cryptograph Co., 1902, 642 pp.
Standard Railway Cipher Code. Chicago: C.G. Phillips, 1900, 63 pp.
Streffleur, M. von. Telegramm-Codex. Vienna: In Commision Bai Kael Konegen, 1900, 132 pp.
Sunderland & Megson. Lombard General Code and Whitehall Secret Cipher. London: Code Services, Ltd. XVI pp.
The 1931 International Code of Signals. American Edition. Vol. 2. For Radio Signaling. Washington: USGPO, 1933, 418 pp.
The 1931 International Code of Signals. American Edition (reprinted 1937). For Visual and Souind Signaling.Washington: USGPO, 1937, 362 pp.
The Millers’ Telegraphic Cipher. Kansas City, MO: The Southwestern Miller, 1936, 154 pp.
“Unicode”: The Universal Telegraphic Phrase-Book, London: Cassell and Co., Ltd. 1899, 358 pp. (poor copy)
Universal Trade Code. NY: Code Compilling Co., Inc., 1921, 634+ pp.
Vollers,R. Vollers’ 12 Figure-System [code]. Hamburg: R. Vollers, 1907, 12 pp.+
Western Union Telegraphic Code. NY: Western Union, 804 pp.
Western Union Telegraphic Code. NY: International Cable Directory Co., 1902, 1812 pp.
Western Union Travelers’ Cable Code. The Western Union Telegraph Co., N.D.(probably 1940s), 54 pp.
Williams, J. & J. Ribeiro. Two-In-One Code Condenser. London: Codes Ltd., 1910, 88 pp.
Wilwerth, T.C. The Atlas Paper United Telegraph Code. NY: Central Code Bureau, 1933, 979 pp.
Wilwerth, T.C. The Central 7-Figure Code Condenser. NY: Central Code Bureau, 1933, 4 pp.
Wilwerth, T.C.Codem [code book]. NY: Codem Book Co., 1921, 616 pp.
Wilwerth, T.C. Commodity Exchange Code. NY: The Central Code Bureau, 1948, 319 pp.
Wilwerth, T.C. Commerical Telegraph and Cable Code. NY: The Codem Co., 1927, 835 pp. plus supplement.
Wilwerth T.C.United Telegraph Code plus separate XYZ Code Section (40 pp.)NY: The Central Code Bureau, 1933, 979 pp.
Witthöft, J. Modelle für Privat-Codes and Schlüssel. Karlsruhe und Leipzig.
Wood, Henry E. The Ttraveller’s Code Book. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1924, 131 pp.
Yopp, William I. Yopp’s Cipher Code – Sixth Edition. Dallas: Dorsey Co., 1912, 60 pp.
Yopp, William I. Yopp’s Ciper Code – Eighth Edition. Dallas: Dorsey Co., 1921, 116 pp.
END Commerical Code Books

Committee Takes Own Advice, Names Secret Agency. Congressional Quarterly, 12/22/73, pp. 3372-3375.

Compilation of Intelligence Laws and Related Laws and Executive Orders of Interest to the National Intelligence Community. Asamended through June 8, 1993. Washington: USGPO, 1993, 675 pp.

Compromise of Naval Code F-3. Washington: Chief of Naval Operations, 1925, 4 pp.

Computer Security. Washington: Mosaic, vol. 9, no. 4, July/Aug. 1978, pp. 2-10.

Computer Security. Chicago: Time-Life Books, 1986, 128 pp.

Computing Technology. A Bibliography of Selected Rand Publications. Santa Monica: The Rand Corporation, 1973, 115 pp.

COMSEC ’81 Communications Security Seminar and Exhibition. Washington, DC., 1981. Binder with speakers’ remarks and list of exhibitors with available promotional material.

Comstock, Lt. I.W. Radio Intelligence and Security. USN CSP 463, lecture delivered before Postgraduate students, 22 June 1926, 8 pp.

Conklin, Dr. W.H. The Conklin Cryptogram. A True Cipher. Two Xerox pages plus Conklin letter and other material.

Connell, C. The Hidden Catch. San Francisco: Interservice Pub. Co., 1981, 176 pp.

Connington, J.J. Gold Brick Island. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1933, 310 pp.

Conover, Lee. Gilbert Signal Engineering. New Haven, CT: A.C. Gilbert, 1920, 116 pp.

Conradus, D.A. Cryptographia Denudata: The Art of Deciphering Deduced from Principles ... The Gentleman's Magazine, 12 (1742) 133-135, 185-186, 241-242, 473-475.

Consortium for the Study of Intelligence. Resource Reports on Intelligence for Teaching Faculty. NY: National Strategy Information Center, 1985, 107 pp.

Consortium for the Study of Intelligence. Resource Reports on Intelligence for Teaching Faculty. Washington, DC: National Strategy Information Center, 1992, 38 pp.

Constantinides, G.C. Intelligence and Espionage: An Analytical Bibliography. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983, 559 pp.

Contenau, Dr. G. La Cryptographie En Egypte et En Mesopotamie. Mercure De France-1-VI-1952, pp. 349-356.

Cook, C.E. Ellersick, F.W. et al. Spread-Spectrum Communications. IEEE Press, 1983, 286 pp.

Cook, MG Earle F. Electronic Black Chamber. Army, Sept. 1962, pp. 37-40.

Cook, B.F. Greek Inscriptions. Berkeley, CA: University of Cal. Press, 1987, 64 pp.

Cook, Nancy. Secret Codes: Real-World Mathematics Through Science. Reading, MA Dale Seymour Pub. c/o Addison-Wesley-Longman, 1997, 136 pp.

Cook, Terry L. Big Brother NSA and Its “Little Brothers”: The National Security Agency’s Global Surveillance Network. Bend, OR: SCM Publishers, 1998, 421 pp.

Cooke, Jean. Codes and Ciphers. East Sussex, England: Wayland (Publishers) Ltd., 1990, 32 pp.

Coon, W.E. Methods For the Suppression of Periodicity As Applied to Multiple Alphabet Ciphers. Detroit: July 1935, rev. May 1956, 169 pp.

Coon, W.E. Numerical Cipher Systems, 1955, 104 pp. Evolutionary Phases, 1954.

Cooper, Felix and Hecker, A. Frequency Distribution Charts. NY: St. John's University, 1942, 4 pp.

Cooper, K.S. Cipher Stories Puzzle Book. NY: Lewis Copeland Co., 1928, 127 pp.

Copeland, M. Beyond Cloak and Dagger. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1974, 351 pp.

Copp, Dewitt S. Sons of the Morning. NY: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1992, 253 pp.

Coppard, A. Sending Secrets. London: Heinemann, 1972, 46 pp.

Coppersmith, Don. Advances in Cryptology - CRYPTO '95. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1995, 465 pp.

Coutinko, S.C. The Mathematics of Ciphers: Number Theory and RSA Cryptography. Natick, MA: A.K. Peters Ltd., 1998, 196 pp.

Cornick, Martyn & Peter Morris, compilers. The French Secret Services. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1993, 115 pp.

Coppersmith, D. & E. Grossman. Generators for Certain Alternating Groups with Applications to Cryptography. SIAM, Journal on Applied Math., Dec. 1975, pp. 624-627.

Coppersmith, Don. The Data Encryption Standard (DES) and its Strength against Attacks. Armonk, NY: IBM Journal of Research & Development, Vol. 38, No. 3, May 1994, pp. 243-250.

Corderman, Col. W. Preston. Chief, Signal Security Branch. Staff Study on OSS Cryptographic Plan. (Stamped Secret). Washington: 1/8/45, 4 pp. Photocopy.

Corré, Alan D. Anatomy of a Decipherment. Transactions, 1966, vol. 55, pp. 11-20.

Correspondence between M.E. Ohaver and others regarding Beale Ciphers. 1926, 1927, 1933, 1934, 1937.

Correspondence between H.O. Yardley and Rosario Candela. May 5, 1942.

Correspondence between Col. Parker Hitt and Puck Products. 1934-1935.

Correspondence between Robert B. Reimer [inventor of The Crypto-Set] and the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1937-1938.

Correspondence between M.E. Ohaver and W.F. Friedman. 1920, 1922.

Correspondence Course. Cryptanalysis of the Simple Substitution Cipher With Word Divisions. Course 201. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1982,ten lessons plus final examination.

Costas, J.P. Cryptography in the Field. Part I & II. Byte magazine, March 1979, April 1979.

Costas, J.P. Cryptography and the Pocket Calculator. Syracuse, NY: General Electric Co., 9/11/78, 36 pp.

Costello, J. The Pacific War. NY: Rawson Wade Pub., 1981, 742 pp.

Costello, John. Days of Infamy: McArthur, Roosevelt, Churchill -- The Shocking Truth Revealed: How Their Secret Deals and Strategic Blunders Caused Disaster at Pearl Harbor and the Philippines. NY: Pocket Books, 1994, 448 pp.

Costello, John. Mask of Treachery. NY: William Morrow & Co., Inc., 1988, 765 pp.

Coulas, Florian. The Writing Systems of the World. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, Inc., 1989, 302 pp.

Courtney, R.H. Jr. & M.J. Orceyre. Considerations in the Selection of Security Measures for Automatic Data Processing Systems. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NBS Special Pub. 500-33, 1978, 24 pp.

Courville, J.B. Manual for Cryptanalysis of the Columnar Double Transposition. Author: 1986, 91 pp.

Cowen, Robert. New Cryptography to Protect Computer Data. Technology Review, December 1977, pp. 6-7, 12.

Crain, Dorothy. Ciphers For the Little Folks. Geneva, IL: Riverbank Laboratories, 1916, 73 pp.

Crain, D. Methods Pour Enseigner et Acquérir une Connaissance pratique du Chiffre Bilitere. Geneva, IL: Riverbank Laboratories, 1918, 69 pp.

Cram, Cleveland C. Of Moles and Molehunters: A Review of Counterintelligence Literature, 1977-92. McLean, VA: Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA, 1993, 71 pp.

Crampton, C.G., ed. They Talked Navajo. Utah: University of Utah, 1971, 58 pp.

Crichton, Michael. Sphere. NY: A.A. Knopf, 1987, 385 pp.

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Fites, P.E., M.P.J. Kratz & A.F. Brebner. Control and Security of Computer Information Systems. NY: Computer Science Press, 1989, 298 pp.

Fitts, Lt. Col. R.E. The Strategy of Electromagnetic Conflict. Los Altos, CA: Peninsula Pub. Co., 1980, 283 pp.

Fitz-Hugh, M. Jerry and the Bacon Puppy. Riverbank Laboratories, 1916, 24 pp.

Fitzgerald, P. The Knox Brothers. Coward, McCann Geoghegan, 1977, 294 pp.

__________, The Knox Brothers.(Revised ed.) Washington: Counterpoint, 2000, 288 pp.

Fitzgerald, Colonel Stephen K. Magic and Ultra in the China-Burma-India Theater. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1991, 76 pp.

FitzGibbon, C. Secret Intelligence in the Twentieth Century. Stein and Day, 1977, 350 pp.

Flannery, Sarah with David Flannery. In Code: A Mathematical Journey. London: Profile Books Ltd., 2000, 271 pp.

Flato, L. NSA's Computer Story. Datamation, March 1978, pp. 207-208, 212.

Flem-Ath, R. Canadian Security and Intelligence, A Bibliography 1945-1985. University of Victoria, Professor R.H. Roy, 1986, 47 pp.

Flesch, Herbert, Waldemar Werther & Michael van der Meulen. Enigma-Analyse. Germany: 63 pp.

Flesch, Herbert. Papers and correspondence with Eric Hüttenhain, 23 pp.

Flicke, W.F. War Secrets In The Ether, Vol. I (Parts I & II), 1977, 124+ pp.

____________.  Vol. II (Part III). Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1977, 305+ p.

Flicke, W.F. War Secrets In The Ether, Part I & II. Washington: NSA, 1953, 271 pp.

Focus on Solutions. Cryptanalytic Computer Sciences, Inc. 16 pp. brochure on management services corporation.

Foerstel, Herbert N. Secret Science: Federal Control of American Science and Technology. Westport, CT: Praeger Pub., 1993, 222 pp.

Follet, K. The Key to Rebecca. William Morrow & Co., 1980, 381 pp.

Fontaine, Judith M. Teaching Intelligence in the Mid-1990s: A Survey of College and University Courses on the Subject of Intelligence. Washington, DC: National Intelligence Center, 1992, 124 pp.

Ford, Warwick. Computer Communications Security: Principles, Standard Protocols and Techniques. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PTR Prentice Hall, 1994, 494 pp.

Foote, Alexander. Handbook For Spies. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1949, 273 pp.

Ford, Corey. A Peculiar Service. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1965, 358 pp.

Förteckning över Y. Gyldéns boksamling. 7 pp. listing 84 items.

Fosburgh, Lacey. World's Oldest Song Reported Deciphered. New York Times, March 6, 1974, pp. 1, 18.

Foster, C.C. Cryptanalysis for Microcomputers. Rochelle Park, NJ: Hayden Book Co., 1982, 333 pp.

Fowler, Mark & Radhi Parekh. Codes & Ciphers. Tulsa, OK: Educational Development Corp., 1995, 48 pp.

Fowler, Mark, Sarah Dixon and Radhi Parekh. The Usborne Book of Superpuzzles. Tulsa, OK: Educational Development Corp., 1994, 144 pp.

Fox, Barry and Jeremy Wall. "Colossal Adventure." [About Colossus decrypting SZ-40 messages] London, England: New Scientist, May 10, 1997, pp. 38-43.

Franco, Arnold C. Code to Victory: Coming of Age in World War II. Manhattan, KS: Sunflower University Press, 1998, 238 pp.

Frank, Richard B. Guadalcanal: The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle. New York: Random House Inc., 1990, 800 pp.

Franke, H.W. Die Geheime Nachricht. Frankfurt am Main: Umschau-Verlag, 1983, 208 pp.

Franksen, O.I. Mr. Babbage's Secret, The Tale of a Cypher -and APL. Birkerod, Denmark: Strandbergs Forlay, 1984, 320 pp.

Franson, Paul. Scrambled Data Baffles Thieves. Electronic, 1/17/72, pp. 87-88.

Fraser, John A. III. The Use of Encrypted, Coded and Secret Communications is an “Ancient Liberty” Protected by the United States Constitution. University of Virginia, Virginia Journal of Law and Technology (2Va,J.L.& Tech.2),Fall 1997, 37 pp.

Freadhoff, Chuck. Codename: Cipher. NY: Walker and Co., 1991, 240 pp.

Freedman, Maurice. Unravelling Enigma: Winning the Code War at Station X. South Yorkshire, U.K.: Pen & Sword Books Ltd., 2000, 190 pp.

Freeman, R.A. The Best Dr. Thorndyke Detective Stories (includes The Moabite Cipher). NY: Dover Pub., 1973, 274 pp.

Freeman, Tom & James P. Delgado. Pearl Harbor Recalled: New Images of the Day of Infamy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991, 160 pp.

Freemantle, B. The Blind Run. NY: Bantam Books, 1986, 257 pp.

Freidel, H.E. Chifferboken En Orientering i hemlig skrift. Göteborg, Sweden: Ewald Elanders Bokförlag, 1947, 45 pp.

Frequently Asked Questions from Archives: sci.crypt. August 23, 1993, 21 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Elementary Military Cryptography. Aegean Park Press, 1976, 86 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Advanced Military Cryptography. Aegean Park Press, 1976, 113 pp.

Friedman, W.F. A Brief History of the Signal Intelligence Service. 18 pp., June 29, 1942.

Friedman, W.F. Expansion of the Signal Intelligence Service From 1930 to 7 December 1941. 1945.

Friedman, W.F. The Principles of Indirect Symmetry of Position in Secondary Alphabets and their Application in the Solution of Polyalphabetic Substitution Ciphers. Washington: USGPO, 1935, SIS, OCSO, 21 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Field Codes Used by the German Army During the World War. Technical Paper of the SIS. Washington: USGPO, 1935, 98 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Elements of Cryptanalysis. Washington: USGPO, 1924, 157 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Military Cryptanalysis, Par I. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1980, 149 pp.

Friedman, W.F. History of the Use of Codes. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1977, 80 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Elements of Cryptanalysis. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1976, 172 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Edgar Allan Poe, Cryptographer. American Literature Vol. VIII, No. 3, Nov. 1936.

______________. Reprint of Poe article given to H.L. Langen by Friedman who signed the cover with a note, 14 June 1959.

Friedman, W.F. Certain Aspects of "Magic" in the Cryptological Background of the Various Official Investigations Into The Pearl Harbor Attack. Special Research History, 1956, 74 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Analysis of a Mechanico-Electrical Cryptograph. Part I, Section I, pp. 1-21.

Friedman, W.F. Solving German Codes in World War I. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1977, 152 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Jacques Casanova De Seingalt, Cryptologist. Casanova Gleanings, Vol. IV, 1961, pp. 1-12.

Friedman, W.F. Military Cryptanalysis: Part I, Monoalphabetic Substitution Systems. Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1941, 142 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Military Cryptanalysis: Part II, Simpler Varieties of Polyalphabetic Substitution Systems, 1938, 120 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Military Cryptanalysis:  Part III, Simpler Varieties of Aperiodic Substitution Systems, 1939, 119 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Military Cryptanalysis: Part IV, Transposition and Fractionating Systems, 1941, 189 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Codes and Ciphers. Encyclopaedia Britannica, pp. 920-927.

Friedman, W.F. Analysis of a Mechanico-Electrical Cryptograph, Part II. Washington: USGPO, 1935, 128 pp.

Friedman, William F. Shakespeare, Secret Intelligence, and Statecraft. Philadelphia, PA: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Oct. 11, 1962, pp. 401-411.

Friedman, W.F. Six Lectures on Cryptology. NSA, April 1963, 182 pp.

Friedman, W.F. Shakespeare, Secret Intelligence, and Statecraft. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Oct. 1962, pp. 401-411.

Friedman, William F. International Radiotelegraph Conference of Washington: 1927. Washington: USGPO, 1928, 80 pp.

Friedman, W.F. American Army Field Codes in the American Expeditionary Forces During the First World War. Washington: USGPO, 1942, 273 pp.

Friedman, W.F. SRH-159, Preliminaery Historical Report on the Solution of the “B” Machine. (10 pp.)

Friedman, W.F. & L.D. Callimahos. Military Cryptanalytics, Part I. Washington, DC: National Security Agency, 1956, 443 pp.


Publication No.15. A Method of Reconstructing the Primary Alphabet From a Single One of the Series of Secondary Alphabets. Department of Ciphers.Riverbank. Geneva, Ill., 1917, 9 pp.

Publication No.16. Methods for the Solution of Running-Key Ciphers. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneva, Ill. 1918. 42 pp.Cover inscribed Hitt 1918.(Captain Parker Hitt)

Publication No. 17. An Introduction to Methods for the Solution of Ciphers. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneva, Ill. 1918, 46 pp.

Publication No. 18. Synoptic Tables for the Solution of Ciphers and A Bibliography of Cipher Literature. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneva, Ill. 1918.16 pp. Cover inscribed Capt. H.L. Baldwin 1933.

Publication No. 19. Formulae for the Solution of Geometrical Transposition Ciphers. Riverbank.Department of Ciphers. Geneva, Ill. 1918.24 pp. Cover inscribed Capt. H.L. Baldwin 1933.

Publication No. 20. Several Machine Ciphers and Methods for their Solution. Department of Ciphers.Riverbank. Geneva, Ill., 58 pp. plus Synoptic Tables for the Star Cipher (14 PP.)

Publication No. 21. Methods for the Reconstruction of Primary Alphabets. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneva, Ill.14 pp. Cover inscribed Capt. H.L. Baldwin 1933.

Publication No. 22. The Index of Coincidence and Its Application in Cryptography. Paris, France. 87 pp.1922. (Xerox copy)

Appendix tho(sic)Publication No. 22. An Application of the Science Statistics to Cryptography. Paris, France. 8 pp., 1922. (Xerox copy)

Publication No. 50. The Production and Detection of Messages in Concealed Writing and Images. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneve, ILL.1918 20 pp.

Publication No. 75. Memorization Methods. Specifically Illustrated in Respect to their Applicability to Codes and Topographic Material. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank. Geneva, Ill. 50 pp.

Synoptic Tables for the Star Cipher. Department of Ciphers. Riverbank.Geneva, ILL. 1918. 26 tables plus cover sheet. 27 pp.

The Riverbank Publications.Reprinted by Aegean Park Press, Laguna Hills, CA.92653, 1979.

Volume 1: Publications No. 15, 16, 17, 18.

Volume 2: Publications No. 19, 20, 21.

Volume 3: Publication  No. 22.

Friedman, W.F. & E.S. Friedman. A Review of Studies in Villon, Vaillant and Charles D'Orleans by Ethel Seaton. Medium Aevum, XXVII, 3, 1958, pp. 194-198.

Friedman, W.F. & E.S. Friedman. Acrostics, Anagrams & Chaucer. Philological Quarterly, Jan. 1959, pp. 1-20.

Friedman, W.F. & E.S. Friedman. The Shakespearean Ciphers Examined. Cambridge, England: University Press, 1957, 303 pp.
Inscribed by the authors.

Friedman, W.F. & C.J. Mendelsohn. The Zimmerman Telegram of Jan. 16, 1917 and its Cryptographic Background. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1976, 33 pp.

Friedman, W.F. & C.J. Mendelsohn. Notes on Code Words. American Mathematical Monthly, Aug. 1932. 394-409.

The Friedman Legacy: A Tribute to William and Elizebeth Friedman. National Security Agency, Center for Cryptologic History, Sources in Cryptologic History November 3, 1992, 282 pp.

Friedman, T.D. & L.J. Hoffman. Execution Time Requirements for Encipherment Programs. Communications of the ACM, Aug. 1974, pp. 445-449.

Friedrich, J. Extinct Languages. NY: Philosophical Library, 1957, 182 pp.

Friedrich, Johannes. Extinct Languages. NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993 reprint, 182 pp.

Frost, Mike. As told to Michel Gratton. Spyworld: Inside the Canadian and American Intelligence Establishments. Toronto, Canada: Doubleday Canada Ltd., 1994, 280 pp.

Fuchida, Mitsua & Masatake Okumiya. Midway: The Battle That Doomed Japan. NY: Ballantine Books, 1968, 222 pp.

Fumy, Walter, ed. Advances in Cryptology -- Eurocrypt '97 Proceedings. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1997, 509 pp.

Fumy, W. & H.P. Reiss. Kryptographie: Entwurf und Analyse Symmetrischer Kryptosysteme. Munich, W. Germany: R. Oldenbourg, 1988, 311 pp.

Gaddy, David W. Essential Matters: A History of the Cryptographic Branch of the People's Army of Viet Nam, 1945-1975. Fort George G. Meade, MD: Center for Cryptologic History, NSA, 1994, 195 pp.

Gaddy, D.W. Rochford's Cipher: A Discovery in Confederate Cryptography. NSA Technical Journal, Vol. XVIII, No. 4, Fall 1973.

Gaddy, D.W. William Norris and the Confederate Signal and Secret Service. Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 70, No. 2, Summer 1975, pp. 167-188.

Gaddy, D.W. Secret Communications of a Confederate Navy Agent plus typed follow-up for Spring issue. Manuscripts, Vol. XXX, No. 1, Winter 1978, pp. 49-55.

Gage, M. An Extract Taken From Dr. Rees's New Eyclopedia on the article Cipher. Norwich, England, 1809, 23 pp.

Gaines, Helen F. Elementary Cryptanalysis. Boston: American Photographic Publishing Co., 1943, 230 pp.

Gaines, H.F. Cryptanalysis. Dover Pub., 1956, 237 pp.

Gait, J. Maintenance Testing for the DES. NBS-SP 500-61. Nationa Bureau of Standards, 1980, 29 pp.

Gaj, Krzysztof. Szyfr Enigmy: Metody Zlamania. Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnectiva Komunikaeji I Lacznosci, 1989, 184 pp.

Galbraith, Nick. Cryptography for Internet and Database Applications: Developing Secret and Public Key Techniques with Java. NY: J. Wiley and Sons, 2000, 400 pp.

Gallagher, Gary W., ed. Fighting for the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of General Edward P. Alexander. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989, 664 pp.

Galland, J.S. An Historical and Analytical Bibliography of the Literature of Cryptology. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, 1945, 209 pp.

Gallehawk, John. Convoys and the U-boats. Bletchley Park, England: BP Trust, Report No. 7, 1997, 48 pp.

_____________. How the Enigma Secret Was Nearly Revealed. Bletchley Park, England: Bletchley Park Trust, Report No. 11, Oct. 1998, 28 pp.

______________. Some Polish Contributions in the Second World War. Bletchley Park, England: Bletchley Park Trust, Report No. 15, July 1999, 24 pp.

Gallup, Mrs. E.W. The Bi-Literal Cypher of Sir Francis Bacon. Detroit: Howard Pub. Co., 1900, 368 pp.

Gallup, Elizabeth Wells. The Tragedy of Anne Boleyn.  Geneva, IL: Riverbank Laboratories, 1916, 147 pp. plus Appendix.

Gallup, Capt. A. Handbook of Military Signaling. D. Appleton & Co., 1893, 78 pp.

Ganley, M.J. Cryptography and Coding III. NY: Oxford University Press, 1993, 377 pp.

Gannon, Michael. Operation Drumbeat: The Dramatic True Story of Germany's First U-boat Attacks Along the American Coast in World War II. NY: Harper & Row, 1990, 490 pp.

____________. Black May: The Epic Story of the Allies Defeat of the German U-Boats in May 1943. NY: HarperCollins, 1998, 492 pp.

Garden, N. The Kids' Code and Cipher Book. NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1981, 164 pp.

Gardner, Martin. Time Travel and Other Mathematical Bewilderments. NY: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1988, 295 pp.

Gardner, Martin. Penrose Tiles to Trapdoor Ciphers. NY: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1988, 311 pp.

Gardner, Martin. Penrose Tiles to Trapdoor Ciphers ... and the Return of Dr. Matrix. Washington, DC: The Mathematical Association of America, 1997, 319 pp.

Gardner, Martin. On the Practical Uses and Bizarre Abuses of Sir Francis Bacon's Biliteral Cipher. Scientific American, Nov. 1972, pp. 114-118.

Gardner, Martin. Codes, Ciphers and Secret Writing. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1972, 96 pp.

Gardner, Martin. Knotted Doughnuts and Other Mathematical Entertainments. NY: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1986, 278 pp.

Gardner, W.J.R. Decoding History: The Battle of the Atlantic and ULTRA. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1999, 263 pp.

Garfield, Simon and Gene Spafford. Web Security and Commerce. Sebastopal, CA: O'Reilly and Assoc. Inc., 1997, 483 pp.

Garis, Howard R. Buddy and the G-Man Mystery or A Boy and a Strange Cipher. NY: Cupples & Leon Co., 1944, 212 pp.

Garlinski, J. The Enigma War. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1980, 219 pp.

Garrett, Paul. Making, Breaking Codes: An Introduction to Cryptology. NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2000, 524 pp.

Garrison, W.A. & C.V. Ramamoorthy. Privacy and Security in Data Banks. Austin, TX: University of Texas, Tech. Memo. 24, Nov. 2, 1970, 114 pp.

Garro, H.M. Tratado de Criptografia. Lima, Peru: Libreria Studium, 1958, 231 pp.

Gauer, Albertine. A History of Writing. NY: Cross River Press, 1992, second ed., 236 pp.

Gebhard, L.A. Evolution of Naval Radio-Electronics and Contributions of the Naval Research Laboratory. Washington: USGPO, 1979, 448 pp.

Geffe, P.R. Polygram Encipherment Techniques. 10/29,60, 34 pp.

Geffe, P.R. Secrecy Systems Approximating Perfect and Ideal Secrecy. Proceedings of the IEEE, 1965, Sept., pp. 1229-1230.

Geffe, P.R. How To Protect Data With Ciphers That are Really Hard to Break. Electronics, 1/4/73, pp. 99-101.

Geffe, P.R. Ciphers With Pseudo-Random Keys: A Progress Report, 5 pp.

Geffe, P.R. The Compactocrat: A Shannon Transducer with Simple Substitution, 6 pp.

Geheim-Schriften! Munich, Germany:   Kinder-Kolleg im Franz Schneider Verlag, 1973, 48 pp.

Gelb, I.J. Records, Writing and Decipherment. Cleveland: Visible Language, Vol. VIII, No. 4, Autumn 1974, pp. 293-318.

Geheimer Wetter- und Seeschlüssel der Kriegsmarine. Teil 2, Watterkurzschlüssel. (Secret Weather and See Cipher of the Navy. Part 2, Short Weather Code. Berlin: Oberkommando de Kriegsmarine, 1942, 22 pp.

Geheimnisse, die unbedingt geheim bleiben Mussen, 3 pp.

Gen J.O. Mauborgne Dies; Chief Signal Officer of the Army. Obituary, New York Times, 1/8/71.

General Solution for the ADFGVX Cipher System. Technical Paper of the SIS. Washington, USGPO, 1934, 18 pp.

General to Head Security Unit. New York Times, 4/28/72, p. 46.

Generalidades sobre Criptografia, artilce by Major Jose Pedrosa Coutinho de Castro Serrao. Lisbon: Revista Militar, Aug-Sept 1965, pp. 462-484.

George C. Marshall Research Library Newsletter. Friedman Cryptologic Collection Given to Marshall Library. Vol. IX, No. 3, Spring, 1971, 4 pp.

George, W. Surreptitious Entry. San Francisco: Interservice Pu. Cp., 1981, 214 pp.

Gerber, John. Secret Language of War. Facts, Feb. 1944, pp. 13-18.
Gerber, John C. Ciphers In War. Facts, May 1944, pp. 100-103.

German Codes and Ciphers. Copy of Chapter VII from Strother's Fighting Germany's Spies. pp. 134-157.

German Field Ciphers of the First World War. Dover Plains, NY: Goodwin Trading Co., 6 pp.

Gerrard, R.J. & R. McKay. The "Intelligence" Gane of Spy Cases & Problems. NY: Pobert McBride & Co., 1935, 217 pp.

Gersho, Allen, ed. Advances in Cryptography, A Report on Crypto '81. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California, 1982, 156 pp.

Ghosh, Anup K. Security & Privacy for E-Business. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.

Gibson, Walter B. ed. The Fine Art of Spying. NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1965, 243 pp.

Gilbert, E.N. An Outline of Information Theory. Bell Telephone System Monograph 3025, 1958, 7 pp.

Gilbert, E.N. Information Theory After Eighteen Years. Bell Tel Sys. Monograph 5186, 1966, 7 pp.

Gilbert, E.N., F.J. MacWilliams & N.J.A. Sloane. Codes Which Detect Deception. Bell System Technical Journal, March 1974, pp. 405-424.

Gilbert, Martin. The Second World War, A Complete History. NY: Henry Holt and Co., Inc., 1989, 846 pp.

Gilbert, James L. and John P. Finnegan. U.S. Army Signals Intelligence in World War II: A Documentary History. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1993, 237 pp.

Gilbert,E.N. & E.F. Moore. Variable-Length Binary Encodings. Bell System Technical Journal, July 1957, pp. 933-967.

Gilgert, E.N. F.J. MacWilliams & N.J.A. Sloane. Codes Which Detect Deception. Murray Hill, NJ: Bell Telephone Labs, 3/19/93, 31 pp.

Gilmore, Ken. The Secret Keepers. Popular Electronics, Aug. 1962, pp. 41-44, 102, 104.

Giskes, H.J. London Calling North Pole. London: William Kimber, 1953, 208 pp.

Given, D.W. Poland's Priceless Seed. The Retired Officer, June 1979, pp. 24-25.

Givierge, Ge, Marcel. Course In Cryptography, trans from the French by Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Washington: USGPO, 1934, 164 pp.

Givierge, M. Les Machines a cryptographier er leur applications dans la telegraphie sans fil. Le Genie Civil 81(1922:2), 218-220.

Givierge, Gen. M. Cours De Cryptographie. Paris: Edition Berger-Levrault, 1932, 304 pp.

Giverge, General Marcel. Course in Cryptography. Paris, 1932. Translated from the French by H.F. Gaines and A.M. Scott, 242 pp.

Giverge, M. Col. Cryptographic Machines and Their Applications in Wireless Telegraphy. Le Genie Civil, Sept, 2, 1922, 8 pp.

Giverge, M. Col. Problems of Code. Revue Militare Francaise, Paris, 1924. Extracted from Signal Corps Bulletin, May 1926, 24 pp.

Giverge, M. Col. Le Chiffre. Ecole De Perfectionnement des Officiers de Reserve de Penthieve. Conference, Feb. 6, 1927, 24 pp.

Givierge, Marcel. Primières Notions de Cryptographie (Extrait du Cours de Cryptographie) Paris: Éditions Berger-Levrault, 1935, 32 pp.(Xerox)

Givierge, Col. Marcel. Le Chiffre. Ecole De Perfectionnement des Oficiers de Reserve de Penthièvre. Conference faite le 6 Fevrier 1927. 24 pp. (Poor Xerox)

Glayman, M. Un Modele d'espase vectoriel et son utilisation pour coder et decoder un message. Journal of Structural Learning, Jan 1968, pp. 9-15.

Gleason, Andrew M. Elementary Course in Probability for the Cryptanalyst. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1985.

Gleason, Norma. Cryptograms and Spygrams. NY: Dover Pub., 1981 112 pp.

Gleason, Norma. Fun With Codes and Ciphers Workbook. Mineola, NY: Dover Pub., 1987, 43 pp.

Gleason, Norma. The Germans surrender! Decoder got the message. The Lapeer County (Michigan) Press, June 6, 1973, p. 1-B.

Glydén, Yves. Chifferbyraernas Insntser J Världskriget Till Lands. Stockholm: Miliärlitteraturföreningens förlag, 1931, 139 pp.

Goddard, Eldridge & Thelma. Cryptdyct. Marion, IA: 1976, 272 pp.

Goddard, Eldridge & Thelma. Cryptokyt II: Non-Pattern Five Letter Word List. Marion, Iowa: Cryptokyt, 1977, 64 pp.

Goddard, Eldridge & Thelma. Cryptokyt I: Non-Pattern Nine Letter Word List. Marion, Iowa:1977, 28 pp.

Godson, Roy, ed. Comparing Foreign Intelligence: The U.S., the USSR. The U.K. & the Third World. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, 1988, 157 pp.

Goerge, W. Surreptitious Entry. San Francisco: Interservice Pub. Co., 1981, 214 pp.

Goheen, H. A Cryptographic Machine. Iowa Academy of Science, Vol. 60, 1953, pp. 489-491.

Goldreich, Oded. Modern Cryptography, Probabilistic Proofs and Pseudorandomness. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1999, 182 pp.

_______________. Foundations of Cryptography: Basic Tools. NY: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 372 pp.

Goldstein, Donald M. & Katherine V. Dillon, eds. The Pearl Harbor Papers: Inside the Japanese Plans. McLean, VA: Brassey's (US), 1993, 384 pp.

Goldwasser, Shafi. Advances in Cryptology: Proceedings of Crypto '88. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1990, 591 pp.

Gollman, Dieter, ed. Fast Software Encryption, Third International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, February 1996, Proceedings. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1996, 218 pp.

Golomb, S.W. Shift Register Sequences. SanFrancisco: Holden-Day, Inc., 1967, 224 pp.

Gonzalez,-Crussi, F. On The Nature of Things Erotic. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988, 197 pp.

Gooch, John, ed. Decisive Campaigns of the Second World War. Portland, OR: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. c/o International Specialized Book Services Ltd., 1990, 198 pp.

Good, I.J. Pioneering Work On Computers at Bletchley. Invited lecture at the National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, April 28, 1976, 23 pp.

Good, I.J. A.M. Turing's statistical work in World War II. Great Britain: Biometrika, (1979) 66, 393-396.

Good, I.J. Some Future Social Repercussions of Computers. England: International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, pp. 67-79.

Goode, George E. Protecting Data Links With Security Program. Communications News, Dec. 1971, pp 34-35.

Goode, George E. New Developments in Data and Voice Security. Paper OTC1726 presented at Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 29-May 2, 1973, 14 pp.

Gordon, Don E. Electronic Warfare: Elements of Strategy and Multiplier of Combat Power. NY: Pergamon Press, 1981, 181 pp.

Gordon, Cyrus H. The Decipherment of Minoan. Natural History, Nov. 1963, pp. 22-31.

Gordon, A. The Cipher. Pyramid Books, 1966, 205 pp.

Gordon, Cyrus H. Riddles in History. NY: Crown Pub., 1974, 188 pp.

Gordon, Cyrus H. Forgotten Scripts. NY: Basic Books, 1982, 226 pp.

Gores, Landis. Princetonians in the Ultra Service. Princeton Alumni Weekly, May 27, 1975, pp. 10-13.

Gouazé, L.Y. Needles and Haystacks: The Search for Ultra in the 1930's. Naval Postgraduate School, Thesis, 1983, 85 pp.

Goulden, J.C. Truth Is The First Casualty. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1969, Xerox copy of pp. 100-123, 201-202.

Grady, Frank J. and Rebecca Dickson. Surviving the Day: An American POW in Japan. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997, 274 pp.

Graff, Jon C. Cryptography and E-Commerce. NY: John Wiley & sons, Inc., 2001, 222 pp.

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Granatstein, J.L. & David Stafford. Spy Wars: Espionage and Canada from Gouzenko to Glasnost. Toronto: Key Porter Books, Ltd., 1990, 276 pp.

Grant, Eleanor A. The Kids' Book of Secret Codes, Signals, an Ciphers. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Pub., 1989, 80 pp.

Grant, R.G. MI5/MI6: Britain's Security and Secret Intelligence Services. New York: W.H. Smith Pub., 1989, 192 pp.

Graysmith, R. Zodiac. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1986, 337 pp.

Grayson, William C. Chicksands: A Millennium of History. Crofton, MD: Shefford Press, 1992, 330 pp.

Greenfield, Jonathan. Distributed Programming Paradigms with Cryptography Applications. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1994, 182 pp.

Greenfield, Gary R.  Cryptography, The Art and Science of Cipher Design.  Richmond, VA: University of Richmond, 1987, N.P.

Greenwald,Ken. The Lost Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Based on the Original Radio Plays by Denes Green & Arthur Boucher. (Includes “The Case of the Baconian Cipher.” NY: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1993 reprint, 199 pp.

Gribble, Jr., Lt. Colonel G. Dickson. Ultra: Its Operational Use in the European Theater of Operations,1943-1945. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1991, 80 pp.

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McCarthy, J. Proposed Criterion for a Cipher To Be Probable-Word-Proof. Communicartions of the ACM, Feb. 1975, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 131-132.

McCarthy, Linda. Spies, Pop Flies, and French Fries: Stories I Told my Visitors to the CIA Exhibit Center. Markham. VA: History is a Hoot, Inc., 1999, 108 pp.

McClain, Sally. Navajo Weapon. Boulder, CO: Books Beyond Borders, 1994, 304 pp.

McCloy, Helen. Panic. NY: Dell Books, 1944, 236 pp.

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McCormick, Donald. Love In Code Or, How To Keep Your Secrets. London: Eyre Methuen Ltd., 1990, 216 pp.

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Mellen, Greg & Lloyd Greenwood. The Cryptology of Multiplex Systems. St. Paul, MN: Spring UNIVAC, 29 pp.

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Mendelsohn, John, ed.  Covert Warfare. Volume 2. The Spy Factory and Secret Intelligence.  NY: Garland Pub.,Inc., 1989, 400 pp.

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Merkle, R.C. Secrecy, Authentication, and Public Key Systems. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Oress, 1986, 104 pp.

Merkle, R.C. Secure Communications over Insecure Channels. Communications of the ACM, April 1978, 294-299.

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Méthode Facile pour Dechiffrer un Écrit Quelconque Compose En Caractères Conventionale Dans Les Langues Italienne, Francaise, Anglaise, et Latine. Florence: Chez Vincent Battelle et Fils, 1833, 98 pp.

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Meyer, C.H. Introduction to Cryptography. Infotech Special Seminar, Commercial Cryptography, 1979, 56 pp.

__________. Attacking A Cipher System. 1979, 18 pp.

Meyer, C.H. & S.M. Matyas. Cryptography. Article in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 1982, --. 770-777.

Meyer, C.H. & W.L. Tuchman. Psudorandom Codes Can Be Cracked. Electronic Design 23, Nov. 9, 1972, pp. 74-76.

Meyer, C.H. Designe Considerations for Cryptography. National Computer Conference, 1973, 99. 603-606.

Meyer, C.H., R. Lennon & S.M. Matyas. Cryptography Provides Practical Data Security. Computer World, Special Report/20, Nov. 26, 1979, pp. 26, 57.

Meyer C.H. & W.L. Tuchman. Putting Data Encryption to Work. Mini-Micro Systems, Oct. 1978, pp. 46, 48-50, 56.

Meyer, C.H. Attacking a Cipher System. Infotech Special Seminar, Commercial Cryptography, 1979, 18 pp.

Michell, John. Who Wrote Shakespeare? NY: Thames & Hudson, 1999, 272 pp.

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Middleton, D. The Ultra Spy Machine. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Nov. 25, 1974, p. 3D. Review of The Ultra Secret.

Milano, James V. & Patrick Brogan. Soldiers, Spies, and the Rat Line. McLean, VA: Brassey's, Inc., 1996, 242 pp.

Miles, Lisa, ed. Spying for Beginners.

___________, ed. Secret Codes: Signs and Symbols, Scrambling, Codebreaking. Tulsa, OK: Educational Development Corp., 1997, 32 pp.

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______________. Codemaster: How to Write and Decode Secret Messages #2. NY: Scholastic Inc., 1998, 70 pp.

_______________.  Codemaster: How to Write and Decode Secret Messages. Book # 1. NY: Scholastic Inc., 1998, 69 pp.

Miller, G.A. & E.A. Friedman. The Reconstruction of Mutiliated English Texts. Information and Control 1, (1957) 38-55

Miller, G.A. E.B. Newman & E.A. Friedman. Length-Frequency Statistics for Written English. Information and Control 1, (1958) 370-389. RCA

Miller, Nathan. Spying for America: The Hidden History of U.S. Intelligence. NY: Paragon House, 1989, 482 pp.

Millet, Larry. Sherlock Holmes and the Rune Stone Mystery. NY: Viking Penguin, 1999, 317 pp.

Millikin, D.D. Elementary Cryptography and Cryptanalysis. NY: NYU Bookstore, Third Edition, 1943, 140 pp.

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Millikin, D.D. Cipher Writing. Reprinted from The Encyclopedia Americnana, 4 pp. Inside cover contains note to Major H.O. Yardley signed by Milikin, November 5, 1937,followed by note indicating that it was given to H.E. Langen by H.O. Yardley, Feb. 9, 1969.

Millikin, D.D. The Japanese Morse Telegraph Code. QST, Sept. 1942, pp. 23-23, 120.

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Mitrokhin, Vasiliy. KGB Lexicon: The Soviet Intelligence Officer’s Handbook. Portland, OR: Frank Cass Pub., 2002, 451 pp.

Mitteilungen des Osterreichischen Staatsarchivs. Herausgegeben von der Generaldirektion. 23 Band. 1970, Sonderdruck Wien 1971, pp. 377-384.

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Moitoret, Victor A. (Je Saurais). American Cryptogram Association Cipher Reference List and Index. St.-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France: 1972, 12 pp.

Molho, L.M. Hardware Aspects of Secure Computing. Spring Joint Computer Conference, 1970, pp. 135-144.

Moll, Louise B. Clever Cryptograms. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., 1995, 128 pp.

Moll, Louise B. Cryptogram-A-Day Book. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., 1996, 128 pp.

Moll, Louise B. The Great book of Cryptograms. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., Inc., 1993, 128 pp.

Moll, Louise B. Baffling Cryptograms. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., Inc., 1996, 128 pp.

Moller, Gunnar. Hemmelig skrift & koder. Copenhagen, Denmark: Host & Sons Fprlag, 1968, 95 pp.

Mongé, Alf. The 13th Century Kingigtorswaq Runic Concealment Cipher. 18 page manuscript of article in New England Antiquities Research Journal.

Mongé, Alf. Dr. Golumb's Cryptic Quips. Anthropological Journal of Canada, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1974, 10-17.

Mongé, Alf & O.G. Landsverk. Norse Medieval Cryptography in Runic Carvings. Glendale, CA: Norsemen Press, 1967, 224 pp.

Montagu, E. Beyond Top Secret U. London: Peter Davies Ltd., 1977, 192 pp.

Moon, Havana. The Numbers Factsheet. Briarcliff Manor, NY: Moonbeam Press, 1990, 8 pp.

____________. Uno, Dos, Cuatro: A Guidd to the Number Stations. Lake Geneva, WI: Tiare Publications, 73 pp.

Moore, Dan T. and Martha Waller. Cloak & Cipher. Indianaplolis: Bobbs & Merrill, 1962, 256 pp. Inscribed by author.

Moore, S.E. Secret Island. NY: Four Winds Press, 1977, 213 pp.

Moore, Edythe. Secure Communications. A Literature Survey. El Segundo, CA: Aerospace Corp., 1964, 52 pp.

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Moorman, Frank. Enciphering and Deciphering Code. Letter to editor, Scientific American, Aug. 21, 1915, p. 159.

Moorman, Lt. Col. Frank. Final Report of the Radio Intellignece Section, General Staff General HQ AEF. Technical Paper of the SIS, 1935, 52 pp.

Moreland, Nigel. An Outline of Scientific Criminology. NY: Philosophical Library, Inc., 1950, 284 pp.

Morgan, Howard K. Codes and Ciphers Prepared for Aircraft Flight and Ground Crews. Washington: The Infantry Journal. 1944, 62 pp.

Morgan, Howard K. Codes and Ciphers. Washington: Airlines War Training Institute, 1943, 68 pp.

Morgenstern, George. Pearl Harbor, The Story of the Secret War. NY: Devan-Adair Co., 1947, 425 pp.

Morice, Dave. The Dictionary of Wordplay. NY: Teachers & Writers Collaborative, 2001, 293 pp.

Morley, E. Marvel's Mysterious Messages. NY: Tempo Books, 1977, 64 pp.

Morley, S.G. An Introduction to the Study of the Maya Hieroglyphs. NY: Dover Pub., 1975, 484 pp. (Reprint of 1915 edition.)

Morris, Anthony P. The Cipher Detctive. NY: Beadle & Adams, Dime New York Library, #334, 3/18/1885. Xerox copy.

Morris, R. A Fast Software Encryption Algorithm. Bell Labs Technical Memo 79-1271-1, Jan. 5, 1979, 6 pp.

Morris, K., N.J.A. Sloane and A.D. Wyner. Assessment of the National Bureau of Standards Proposed Federal Data Encryption Standard. Bell Laboratories, Nov. 15, 1976, 5 pp.

Morris, S. Brent. The Folger Manuscript: The Cryptanalysis and Interpretation of an American Masonic Manuscript. Fort Meade, MD: 1992, 255 pp.

Morrison, Philip & Emily. Charles Babbage and His Calculating Engines. NY: Dover Pub., 1961, 400 pp.

Morris, K. The Hagelin Code Machine (M-209) Reconstrcution of the Internal Settings. Bell Laboratories, 23 pp.

Morton, L. Pearl Harbor In Perspective -- A Bibliographical Survey. US Naval Institute Proceedings, April 1955, pp. 461-469.

Moss, Robert.  Carnival of Spies.  NY: Villard Books, 1987, 498 pp.

Mott-Smith, Geoffrey. Ciphers for Solvers, 30 pp., 1954.

Mowry, David P. Listening to the Rumrunners. Fort Meade, MD: Center for Cryptologic History, NSA, 34 pp.

Moyer, Patricia. A Six-Letter Word for Death. NY: Henry Holt & Co., Inc., 1983, 241 pp.

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick. Secrecy: The American Experience. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press,1998, 262 pp.

Mrayati, Mohammad, Yahya Mear Alan & Hassan al-Tayyan. Origins of Arab Cryptography and Cryptanalysis, Volume I. Damascus, Syria: Arab Academy of Damascus, 1987.

Mrayati, Mohammad, Y. Meer Alam & H. Al-Tayyan. Origins of Arab Cryptography and Cryptanalysis, Vol. Two: Analysis and Editing of Eight Arab Manuscripts. Damascus, Syria: Scientific Studies & Research Center, 478 pp.

_______________________________________________. New Contributions to the history of cryptology.(trans. by Said Al-Asaad)69 pp.N.D.

Muirhead, Capt. M. Military Cryptography. Journal of the Royal United Service Institution, Oct. 1911, pp. 1321-1332.

Muirhead, Capt. M. Military Cryptography. A Study of Transposition Cipher Systems and Substitution Frequency Tables. Journal of the Royal Service Institution, Dec. 1912, pp. 1665-1678.

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Muller, André. Le Décryptement. Paris, France: Presses Universitaires de France, 1983, 128 pp.

Mulligan, T. The German Navy Evaluates Its Cryptographic Security, October 1941. Military Affairs, April 1985, 75-79.

Muñoz, Jose Luis. La Criptografia en Anecdotas. Madrid: Ediciones Ejército, 1955, 372 pp.

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Murphy, Elspeth Campbell. The Mystery of the Hobo’s Message. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House Pub., 1995, 64 pp.

Murphy, W.F. The Roman Enigma. NY: Macmillan, 1981, 306 pp.

Murray, Gil. The Invisible War: The Untold Secret Story of Numer One Canadian Special Wireless Group, Toyal Canadian Signal Corps, 1944-1946. Toranto, Canada: Dundurn Press, 2001, 302 pp.

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Myer, Lt. Gen. Charles R. Division-Level Communications 1962-1973. Washington: Dept. of the Army, 1982, 109 pp.

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Myszkowski, Lt. Col. E.V.T. Indecipherable Cryptography (Trans.) Paris, 1902, 42 pp. Xerox.

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Nagata, Zyunko. Cryptogram or Secret Code. (In Japanese). Tokyo: Diamond Pub. Co., 1971, 349 pp.

Nagata, Zyunko. Codes and Ciphers(?) (In Japanese) 1974, 185 pp.

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Nash, Helen. Challenging Cryptograms. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., Inc., 1994, 128 pp.

Nash, Helen and Dorothy Masterson. Humorous Cryptograms. NY: Sterling Pub., Inc., 1995, 128 pp.

Nash, Jay Robert. Spies: A Narrative Encyclopedia of Dirty Deeds & Double Dealing From Biblical Times to Today. NY: M. Evans and Co., 1997, 624 pp.

National Intelligence Book Center Catalog. Illustrated and descriptive worldwide list of books for sale, Winter 1989, 110 pp. Also Autumn 1988,55 pp.list. Useful for research.

National Security Agency Newsletter. Published monthly for employees with information about NSA employees and activities. Dec. 1969, 16 pp., April 1986, 16 pp., Feb. 1987, 16 pp., Nov. 1987, 24 pp., Oct. 1994, 16 pp., July 1988, 16 pp., July 1990,16 pp., Dec. 1991, Jan. 1992, 16 pp., April 1992, 20 pp., July 2000, 16 pp.

National Security Agency - Carrers in Enginering and Mathematics. Washington: USGPO, 1968, 20 pp.

National Bureau of Standards. Proceedings of the Third Seminar on the DOD Computer Security Initiative Program. Gaithersburg, MD: Nov. 18-20, 1980.

National Intellectual Property Law Institute. International Cryptography Institute 1996 (ICI-96) Washinton, DC: 1996, 183 pp.

National Security Agency. Center for Cryptologic History (CCH), A Guide to Programs and Services.8 pp.(two versions)

________________________. National Security Agency.(CCH). The Origins of NSA. Includes photographs and profiles of Herbert O. Yardley, Commander Laurance F. Safford, William F. Friedman, Rear Admiral Earl E. Stone and Major General Ralph J. Canine. 5 pp.

________________________. CCH. NSA and the Cuban Missle Crisis by T.R. Johnson and D.A. Hatch, 1988, 11 pp. (two copies)

________________. CCH. Rare Books in the National Cryptologia Museum.13 pp.

________________________. CCH. Introducttory History of VENONA and Guide to the Translations. 12 pp.

________________________. CCH. VENONA: New Releases, Special Reports, and Project Shutdown. 8 pp.

________________________. CCH. The Venona Story by Robert L. Benson. 61 pp.

________________________. CCH. VENONA Historical Monograph #2:The 1942-43 New York-Moscow KGB Messages By R.L. Benson, 10 pp.

________________________. CCH. VENONA Historical Monograph #3: The 1944-45 New York and Washington-Moscow KGB Messages by R.L. Benson,12 pp.

________________________. CCH. THE BOMBE: Prelude to Modern Cryptanalysis. (Three versions)

________________________. CCH. The Cryptographic Mathematics of Enigma by Dr. Ray Miller. 17 pp.

________________________. CCH. Army Security Agency Aerial Reconnaissance: Mission and Sacrifice. 14 pp. (two copies)

________________________. CCH. Dedication and Sacrifice: National Aerial Reconnaissance in the Cold War. 8 pp.

________________________. CCH. Pioneers in U.S Cryptology. Includes photographs and profiles of H.O. Yardley,W.F. Friedman, Captain L.F. Safford,USN, J.N. Wenger, USN,F.B. Rowlett, E.S. Friedman and A.M. Driscoll.23 pp.

________________________. CCH. Sharing the Burden: Women in Cryptology durig World War II by Jennifer Wilcox, 1998.18 pp.

________________________. CCH. The Kgb in San Francisco and Mexico City [and] The GRU in New York and Washington. VENONA Historical Monograph #4 by R.L. Benson, 12 pp.

________________________. CCH. The KGB and GRU in Europe, South America, and Australia. VENONA Historical Monograph #5 by R.L. Benson, 15 pp.

________________________. CCH. Solving the Enigma: History of the Cryptanalytic Bombe by Jennifer E. Wilcox. 2001, 52 pp.

________________________. CCH. Listening to the Rumrunners by David P. Mowry. 34 pp.two copies.

________________________. History and Publicatios Staff. American Cryptology, Two Centuries of Tradition. 4 pp.

________________________. History and Publicatios Division (HPD). A Pictorial Cryptologic History Quiz. (For 35th Anniversary of NSA) 11 pp.

________________________. HPD. Origins of NSA 1945-1952. (35th anniversary) 6 pp.

________________________. HPD. Pioneers in U.S. Cryptology Part 1. Includes profiles of H.O. Yardley, W.F. Friedman and L.F. Safford. 11 pp.

________________________. HPD Pioneers in U.S. Cryptology, Part II. Includes profiles of J.N. Wenger, F.B. Rowlett, E.S. Friedman and A.M. Driscoll. 14 pp.

________________________. HPD. The NSA Museum Collection. 15 pp.

_________________________. The National Cryptologic Museum. 4 pp.

_________________________. The National Cryptologic Museum. A Self-Guided Tour. 9 pp.

_________________________. Codes and Ciphers, exhibit and brochure by NSA Cryptologic museum, 12 pp.

_________________________. Radio Intellgence on the Mexican Border, World War I: A Personal View. NSA Museum brochure based on interview of Richard Egolf in 1976 about his service with the Radio Intelligence Service starting in 1918.

_________________________. Decption at D-Day. Informational handout with suggested reading list. 8 pp.

_________________________. In Memoriam. Dr. Louis W. Tordella, 1911-1996. The Education of a Deputy Director by David A. Hatch. 8 pp.

____________________. The NSA Cryptologic History Program. A Guide to Programs and Services. 4 pp.

____________________. L5 Facilities Management.A Look Inside.  July 1995, 8 pp.

____________________. Natioanl Cryptologic Museum Master-Class Lecture Series descriptive folder. 1999, 6 pp.

____________________. National Cryptologic Museum Foundation. Memborship folder. 6 pp.

____________________. The Cipher Disk. Descriptive folder.

National Security Agency. Influence of U.S. Cryptologic Organizations on the Digital Computer Industry. May 1977, 36 pp.

National Security Agency. Statement of Lt. General Lew Allen, Jr., Director NSA. October 29, 1975.

National Security Agency. Armed Forces Management, Nov. 1962, 103-104.

National Communications and Information Administration. Impact Evaluation of Selected National Policy Alternatives on Private Sector Research in Cryptography For Telecommunications Protection. Executive Summary and Overview. CRC Systems Inc., 1981, 143 pp.

National Consumers Union Codebook. Prospect Heights, IL: National Consumers Union, 1971, 48 pp.

National Intellectual Property Law Institute. International Cryptography Institute 1996(ici-96). Washington, DC: 1996, 183 pp.

National Security Agency. COMINT Report (Declassified 1998) Fort Meade, MD: National Security Agency, 1963.

_________________________. Fifth VENONA Release,Vol.1-Vol.7. Fort Meade, MD: NSA, 1996, Vol.1-239 pp.,Vol.2, 356 pp., Vol.3,330 pp., Vol. 4 262 pp., Vo. 5 228 pp., Vol. 6 299 pp., Vol. 7, 452 pp.

Navarre, H. Le Service De Renseignements 1871-1944. Paris: Plon, 1978, 351 pp.

Nechvatel, James. Public-Key Cryptography, Computer Security. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1991, 162 pp.

Neilson, Keith & B.J.C. McKercher, eds. Go Spy the Land: Military Intelligence in History. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1992, 208 pp.

Nelson, Nigil. Codes. NY: Thomson Learning, 1994, 32 pp.

Nesbit, W. The Code War. American Way, April 1982, pp. 110-111, 113-116, 118.

net. Genesis. Build a World Wide Web Commerce Center: Plan, Program & Manage Internet Commerce for your Company. NY: John Wiley & Sons, inc., 1996, 412 pp.

Neville, Katherine. The Eight. NY: Ballantine Books, 1988, 550 pp.

Neville, Katherine. The Magic Circle. NY: Ballantine Books, 1998, 554 pp.

New Post Filled In Intelligence. New York Times, Nov. 5, 1971, p. 15.

New Research on the Voynich Manuscript. Proceedings of a Seminar. Nov. 30, 1976, Washington, DC, 75 pp.

New Primer of Puzzledom. The National Puzzlers League, 1968, 12 pp.

New Crypto Items Mean Bigger Maintenance Problems. Tec Yac, June 15, 1059, pp. 31-34.

Newbold, W.R. The Cipher of Roger Bacon. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1928, 224 pp.

Newby, Peter. Pears Advanced Word-Puzzler's Dictionary. London: Pelham Books, 1987, 750 pp.

Newby, Peter. Pears Word Games. London: Pelham Books, 1990, 265 pp.

Newby, Peter. The Mammouth Book of Astounding Word Games. NY: Carroll & Graf Pub., Inc., 1996, 463 pp.

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The 1931 International Code of Signals. American Edition (Reprinted 1937). Volume I, For Visual and Sound Signaling. USGPO, 1937, 362 pp.

________________________________________. American Edition.Vol. II, For Radio Signaling.USGPO, 1933, 418 pp.

The Origin and Development of the Army Security Agency. Lecture, 18 pp. n.d.

The Philip Mills Arnold Semeiology Collection. An Exhibit, June-Sept. 1973, compiled by Patrick J. Russell, Jr. Rare Books and Special Collections Dept., Washington University Libraries, St. Louis, 1873.

The Reader’s Digest Illustrated History of World War II, The World At Arms. London, The Reader’s Digest Association Ltd., 1989, 480 pp.

The Roving Englishman. Chapter XI, Letter Opening from Embassies and Foreign Courts: A History of Diplomacy. London: G. Routledge & Co., 1955, pp. 130-145.

The Secret Code Digest by Henry Lysing. 32-page booklet featuring Paul Kelly, star of The Secret Code serial, on the cover.

Theobald, R.A. The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor. NY: Devin-Adair Co., 1954, 202 pp.

Thomas, Paul B. Secret Messages. NY: A.A. Knopf, Inc., 1928, 137 pp.

Thompson, J.E.S. Maya Hieroglyphic Writing. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1975, 347 pp.

Thompson, Robert S. A Time for War: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Path to Pearl Harbor. NY: Prentice Hall, 1991, 449 pp.

Thompson, Edmund R., ed. Secret New England: Spies of the American Revolution. Kennebunk, ME: D. Atlee Phillips Chapter, AFIO, 1991, 234 pp.

Thompson, Leroy. The US Army in Vietnam. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., 1990, 216 pp.

Thomson, J.W. & S.K. Padover. Secret Diplomacy. NY: Frederick Unger Pub. Co., 1965, 290 pp.

Three Ways to Solve Cryptograms. ACA, 1963, 14 pp.

Tibor, Nemetz & Vijda István. Algoritmusos Adatvédelem. Budapest: Akadémiai Kradó, 1991, 240 pp.

Tidwell, William A. April '65: Confederate Covert Action in the American Civil War. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1995, 264 pp.

Tidwell, W.A., & J.O. Hall & D.W. Gaddy. Come Retribution: The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassination of Lincoln. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1988, 510 p.

Tilborg, Henk C.A. van. An Introduction to Cryptology. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988, 170 pp.

TO TEET. 1973 Greek crossword puzzle magazine, 42 pp., cryptogram on p. 9.

Todd, Stewart. Cryptograms in Portuguese. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1986, 122 pp.

Toland, John. The Rising Sun. NY: Random House, 1970, 954 pp.

Toland, John. Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath. NY: Doubleday & Co., 1982, 366 pp.

Tomash, Erwin & Arnold A. Cohen. The Birth of an ERA: Engineering Research Associates, Inc. 1946-1955. Arlington, VA: Annals of the History of Computing, Oct. 1977, pp. 83-97.

Topor, T. Identify Ramparts' Code Man. New York Post, July 18, 1972, p. 14.

Torrieri, D.J. Principles of Military Communication Systems. Dedham, MA: Artech House, Inc., 1981, 298 pp.

Torrieri, D.J. Cryptographic Digital Communication. Offprint, IEEE Transactions on Aerospace Electronic Systems, Vol. AES-12, No. 1, Jan. 1976.

Tracy, T. & L.G. Turrow. How to be a G-Man. Chapter X, Secret Codes and Ciphers. R.M. McBride & Co., 1939.

Tranchedino, Fran. Diplomatische Geheimschriften. Graz, Austria: Descriptive 4-page folder on this book, 1970.

Trappe, Wade and Lawrence C. Washington. Introduction to Cryptography with Coding Theory. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002, 490 pp.

Travis, F. & Judy Handley. The KnowHow Book of Codes, Secret Agents & Spies. NY: Sterling Pub. Co., 1976, 48 pp.

Travis, F. & Judy Handley. The KnowHow Book of Spycraft. London: Usborne Pub., 1975, 47 pp.

__________________________. The Funcraft Book of Spycraft: Secret codes, tricks, and disguises to fool your friends. Scholastic Book Services, 1976, 47 pp.

Trefousse, H.L. Pearl Harbor: The Continuing Controversy. Malabar, FL: Krieger Pub. Co., 1982, 215 pp.

Trefousse, H.L., ed. What Happened at Pearl Harbor. NY: Twayne Pub., 1958, 324 pp.

Tres Secret, Histoire De L'Espionnage 1945-1991. Historia, hors serie 23. Paris: Librairie Jules Tallandier, 1971, 192 pp.

Trithemius,Johannes. Steganographia:hoc est: Ars per occultam scripturam animi sui voluntatem absentbus aperiendi certa; authore reverendissimo et clarissimo viro, Joanne Trithemio ... Darmstadt, 1621.Original vellum binding.

Trithemius,J.Steganographia,1608 edition. Italian translation and comments by A. Gentili. Steganographia dell’Abate Tritemio. Volume 1, 293 pp. and Volume 2, 278 pp. Milan, Italy: Editrice Kemi, 1980.

Trithmeius,J. Polygraphie, et Universelle Escriture Cabalistique de M.I. Tritheme Abbe.(University Microfilms
XEROX copy of French translation of Polygraphia by Gabriel de Collange in Paris in 1561.)

Troy, Thomas F. Donovan and the CIA. Frederick, MD: University Pub. of America, 1984, 589 pp.

Trumbull, R. Word of Secret Australian Role in Singapore Causes Sensation. New York Times, Feb. 14, 1973,

Tsujii, Shigeo, ed. Cryptography and Security. Langhorne, PA: Gordon & Breach, 1992, 156 pp.

Tuchman, Barbara W. The Zimmerman Telegram. NY: Macmillan, 1966, 244 pp.

Tuchman, Barbara W. The Zimmermann Telegram. NY: Dell Pub. Co., 1965, 224 pp.

Tuckerman, Bryant. Solution of a Substitution-Fractionation Transposition Cipher. Yorktown Heights, NY: IBM Research, Sept. 21, 1973, 62 pp.

Tuckerman, Bryant. A Study of the Vigenère-Vernam Single and Multiple Loop Enciphering Systems. Yorktown Heights, NY: IBM Research Report RC 2879, 1970, 115 pp.

Tully, Andrew. The Super Spies. NY: Pocket Books, 1970, 215 pp.

Tully, Andrew. CIA: The Inside Story. NY: William Morrow & Co., 1962, 276 pp.

Tumbusch, Tom. Tomart’s Price Guide to Radio Premiums and Cereal Box Collectibles. Dayton, OH: Tomart Pub., 1991, 176 pp.

Tunnell, James E. Latest Intelligence: An International Directory of Codes Used by Government, Law Enforcement, Military and Surveillance Agencies. Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Tab Books, 1990, 305 pp.

Tunstall, J.N. The Utilization of Matrix Congruences In Algebraic Cryptography. Thesis, University of North Carolina, 1964, 62 pp.

Turchen, Lesta V. Herbert Osborne Yardley and American Cryptography. University of South Dakota, Thesis, May 1969, 98 pp.

Türkel, Dr. S. Morssegeisden und Geheimschrift. Archiv fur Kriminologie, Vol. 124, 129-133.

Türkel, Dr. S. Chiffrieren Mit Geraten und Maschinen. Graz: 1927, 94 pp. plus appendices.Two copies, one HB.

Türkel, Dr. S. Die Lochstanzschrift. Archiv fur Kriminologie, 1925-26, 162-164.

Türkel, Dr. S. Enciphering With Apparatus and Machines. An Introduction to Cryptography. Graz: 1927, 65 pp. plus 40 pp. of illustrations. Trans. from the German by War Dept., The Army War College, Fort Humphreys, DC.

Türkheim, L. Gioppi di. La Crittografia. Rivista Militare Italiana, Vol. 45, No. 12, Dec. 16, 1900.

Turn, Rein & H.E. Petersen. Security of Computerized Information Systems. Paper presented at 1970 Carnahan Conference on Electronic Crime Countermeasures, Lexington, KY, April 16-18, 1970, 8 pp.

Turn, Rein. Privacy Transformations for Databank Systems. National Computer Conference, 1973, pp. 589-601.

Turn, Rein, ed. Advances in Computer Security. Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1988, 376 pp.

Twentieth Century-Fox Film. Tora, Tora, Tora. Press kit.

Twentieth Century Fund. Task Force on the Future of U.S. Intelligence. In From the Cold: the Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force. NY: The Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1966, 275 pp.

Twigg, Terry. "Need to Keep Digital Data Secure?" Electronic Design 23, Nov. 9, 1972, pp. 68-71.

Two Code Clerks Defect to Soviet; Score U.S. 'Spying.' New York Times, Sept. 7, 1960, pp. 1, 11, 13.

2 Tech Articles Draw Kudos From Code Fans. Letter to Editor, Electronic Design 4, Feb. 15, 1973, p. 7.

Tzonis, Alexander. Hermes and the Golden Thinking Machine. Cambridge, MA: Bradford/MIT Press, 1990, 284 pp.

U Butdz ofn Hpw Tzbu Quhhu. The Key Reporter, July 1959, 1 p.

Udell, Gilman G. Laws Relating to Espionage, Sabotage, etc. Washington: U.S.G.P.O., 1971, 160 pp.

Ulfving, Lars. The Geheimschreiber Secret: Arne Beurling and the success of Swedish signals intelligence. Trans. from the Swedish by Frode Weierud, 3/3/96. Stockholm: Probus Förlag, 1992, 27 pp.

Ultra and the History of the U.S. Strategic Air Force in Europe vs. the German Air Force. Frederick, MD: University Pub. of America, Inc., 1980, 205 pp.

Unbegaun, Boris. Russkaya Tayynopri' XVII Vyeka. Obshchestva Drugly Russkoi Knigi IV (1938) pp. 81-96.

Uncle Sam, Cipher Wizard. The Literary Digest, Nov. 3, 1917, pp. 46-51. (Cryptologic Miscellanea)

Union Route Ciphers. Dover Plains, NY: Goodwin Trading Co., 1997, 28 pp.

U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. INSCOM and Its Heritage. “An Organizational History of the Command and Its Units.” Special Historical Series, 1985, 148 pp.

U.S, Army Signal Corps. Signal Achievement-Luzon, An Official Signal Corps History, May 14, 1945, pp. 1, 3.

U.S. Army. Extension course of the Army Security Agency School. Subcourse 20-7, Elementary Cryptanalysis, 1951, 94 pp.

U.S. Army. Elementary Military Cryptography, Special Text No. 165. Washington: USGPO, 1943, 82 pp.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. (Section 1-3), Glossary of Terms. ASA Manual S-700, Sept., 1946, 41 pp.

U.S. Army. Technical Manual TM 11-5810-221-ESC, Equipment Serviceability Criteria for Communications Security Equipment TSEC/KW-7. Washington: USGPO, 1966, 10 pp.

U.S. Army. Advanced Military Cryptography, Special Text No. 166. Washington: USGPO, 1935, 113 pp.

U.S. Army. Field Manual FM 29-11, Cryptologistics Support to the Army In the Field. Washington: USGPO, 1967, 28 pp.

U.S. Army. Division Field Code No. 4, 1922, 91 pp. (Codes and Code Words)

U.S. Army Security Agency. Army-Navy Descriptive Dictionary of Cryptologic Terms. Army Security Agency, Feb. 1947.

U.S. Army Signal School. Introduction to Electronic Warfare. 1975, 52 pp.

U.S. Air Force. Performance Evaluation of Apprentice Cryptographic Operators, Graduates of ATC Course ALR 29131. March 1963, 13 pp.

U.S. Army War Dept. Field Manual FM 24-5, Basic Field manual-Signal Communications. Washington: USGPO, 1939, 293 pp.

U.S. Army War Dept. Technical Manual TM 11-467, Communications Security. Dec. 1944, 44 pp.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. Cryptanalytic Data-General. War Dept., Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1940, 26 pp.

U.S. Army. The "Potomac" Code. General HQ, A.E.F., 1918, 47 pp. (Codes and Code Words)

U.S. War Dept. Articles on Cryptography and Cryptanalysis Reprinted from The Signal Corps Bulletin. Washington: USGPO, 1942, 316 pp.

U.S. Navy Communications Intelligence Organization, Liaison and Collaboration 1941-1945. 1945, 39 pp.

U.S. Navy. Director of Naval Communications. Memoranda on the Congressional Investigation of the Attack on Pearl Harbor. 1946, 43 pp.

U.S. Library of Congress. The U.S. Inteligence Community: A Brief Description of Organization and Functions. Congressional Research Service, Nov. 10, 1971, 36 pp.

U.S. War Dept. An Encipherment of the German Diplomatic Code 7500, C.J. Mendelsohn. Washington: USGPO, 1938, 18 pp.

U.S. War Dept. Advanced Military Cryptography. TM 11-485. Washington: USGPO, 8 June 1944.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. (Section 10-22), List of Words Used in Military Text Arranged Alphabetically According to Word Pattern (English), ASA, Nov. 1946, 23 pp.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. (Section 10-21), List of Words Used in Military Text Arranged in Rhyming Order According to Word Length (English), ASA, Nov. 1946, 9 pp.

U.S. Dept, of the Army. Field Manual FM 11-21. Tactical Signal Communicationms Systems, Army, Corps, and Division. Washington: USGPO, 1961, 74+ pp.

U.S. Dept. of Defense. The Militarily Critical Technologies List. Washington: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Research and Engineering, 1984, 231 pp.

U.S. Dept. of the Army. Vietnam Studies. Communications-Electronics 1962-1970. Washington: USGPO, 1972, 184 pp.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. (Section 10-20), List of Words Used in Military Text Arranged Alphabetically According to Word Length (English). ASA Manaul S-700, Nov., 1946, 9 pp.

U.S. Navy. Cryptology. Recruitment brochure, 1974, 20 pp.

U.S. Army. Basic Cryptography. Technical Manual TM 32-220, April 1950, 186 pp. (US Army-Materials on Cryptology).

U.S. Army. Military Cryptology. Instructor's Lesson Plans, CSD-13. Signal Corps Replacement Training Center, Dec. 1942, 68+ pp.

U.S. Army in World War II, The Technical Services.
Terrett, D. The Signal Corps: The Emergency (To Dec. 1941). Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, USGPO, 1956, (1970 reprint), 383 pp.

U.S. Army in World War II, The Technical Services. Thompson, G.R., D.R. Harris, P.M. Oakes & D. Terrett. The Signal Corps: The Test (Dec. 1941 to July 1943). Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, USGPO, 1957 (1971 reprint), 621 pp.

U.S. Army in World War II, The Technical Services.
Thompson, G.R. and D.R. Harris. The Signal Corps: The Outcome (Mid-1943 Through 1945). Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, USGPO, 1966, 720 pp.

U.S. Army. Army Extension Course. Subcourse-Military Cryptanalysis Part I, Monoalphabetic Substitution Systems, ten lessons, 1936-37. Subcourse-Military Cryptanalysis Part II, ten lessions, 1937.

U.S. Army Regulations.
AR 105-31 Communications-Electronics Message Preparation and processing, 1969, 30 pp.
AR 310-25 Dictionary of U.S. Army Terms, 1969, 486+ pp.
AR 340-16 Safeguarding "For Official Use Only" Information, 1970, 7 pp.
AR 380-5 Safeguarding Military Information, 1944, 38+ pp.
AR 380-5 Safeguarding Defense Information, 1969, 31+ pp.
AR 380-26 Policy for Use of Encrypt-For-Transmission-Only (EFTO) Procedure, 1965, 3 pp.
AR 380-6 Automatic, Time-Phased Downgrading and Declassification System, 1962, 12 pp.
AR 380-41 Control of COMSEC Materiel, 1968, 30+ pp.
AR 380-55 Safeguarding Classified Defense Information In Movement of Persons and Things, 1971, 8 pp.
AR 380-150 Access To and Dissemination of Restricted Data, 1969, 10 pp.
AR 604-5 Clearance of Personnel For Access to Classified Defense Information and Material, 1969, 16 pp.

U.S. Air Force. Air Force Communications Network On-Line Operating Procedures. Feb. 1962, 21 pp.

U.S. Army. Field Manual FM 24-5, Signal Communication. Washington: USGPO, 1950, 220 pp.

U.S. Army. Field Manual FM 11-5, Signal Corps Field Manual-Mission, Functions, and Signal Communications in General. Washington: USGPO, 1940, 217 pp.

U.S. Army. Field Manual FM 11-125, Signal Communications, Dec. 1969.

U.S. Army Security Agency. Elements of Cryptography by Captain Roger Baudouin. Trans.from the French by Capt. A.E. Highley.

U.A. Army Security Agency. History of Converter M-134-C, Vol 1, Parts I, II, III. (Sanitized).

(The) United States Army Intelligence and Security Command 25th Anniversary. Fort Belvoir, VA., 2002, 79 p.

U.S. Army Security Agency. The Origin and Development fo the Army Security Agency 1917-1947. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1978, 51 pp.

U.S. Army Security. Historical Background of the Signal Security Agency, Vol. One, Codes and Ciphers Prior to WW I,1776-1917.ASA, 1946,139 pp. (Xerox, in binder.)

___________________.Historical Background of the Signal Security Agency, Vol.Two, World War I, 1917-1919. ASA, 1946, 246 pp. (Xerox, in binder.)

___________________. Historical Background of the Signal Security Agency, Vol. Three, The Peace,1919-1939. ASA,1948, 416 pp. (Xerox, in binder.)

U.S. Army. Index of Doctrinal, Training, and Organizational Publications. Washington: USGPO, 1971, 32 pp. Also Aug. 1970 edition, 112 pp.

U.S. Army. Historical Sketch of the Signal Corps (1860-1941). Eastern Signal Corps Schools Pamphlet No. 32, 12/10/42, 131 pp.

U.S. Army. AR 380-105, Policy and Procedure Governing Use of Code Words, Nicknames, Short Titles, and Similar Devices, 1968, 5 pp. (Codes and Code Words)

U.S. Army. Cryptographic Division.German Word List. Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, 9/26/1942, 194 pp. Restricted.Orange binding.

___________________________________. Italian Word List. Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, 9/26/1942, 211 pp.

____________________________________. Portuguese Word List. Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, 9/26/1942, 194 pp.

____________________________________. Spanish Word List. Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, 9/26/1942,196 pp.

U.S. Army. Advanced Military Cryptography. War Dept. Technical Manual TM 11-485, June 1944, 113 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. Guide-Army Security Agency School. May 1949, 10 pp.

U.S. Army. Field Manual FM 24-16, Signal Orders, Records and Reports. May, 1970.

U.S. Army Signal School. Communications Center Fundamentals, Subcourse C 13, Dec. 8, 1961, Fort Monmouth, NJ, 64 pp.

U.S. Army Signal School. Tactics and Technique of Signal Comunication for Infantry. Signal School Pamphlet No. 19. Official File Copy Telegraph Division. 1929-30, 219 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. The Achievements of the Signal Security Agency in WW II. Washington: Feb. 20, 1946.

_________________________. History of the Signal Security Agency. Vol. Three. The Japanese Problem: Cryptanalysis. 1942-1945. ASA, 13 May 1947. 435 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. Cryptologic Handbook. Washington: Dec. 1947, 62 pp.

U.S. Army. Cryptanalyst's Manual. Cryptanalytic Data Applicable to Any Language. War Dept., Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1940, 16 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. Cryptanalysts's Manual (Section 1-1) Index. Washington, DC: Headquarters, A.S.A., Feb., 1947, 16 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. History of the Signal Security Agency. Volume One, Organization, Part II 1942-1945. 13 April 1948, 599 pp. (Xerox)

US Army Signal Center and School. Signal Reference Data. Fort Monmouth, NJ: 1966, 299 pp.

U.S. Army War College. Signals Intelligence Support to U.S. Military Commanders: Past and Present by Penelope S. Horgan. 1991, 164 pp.

_____________________. ULTRA: Its Operatioal Ude in the European Theater of Operations, 1943-1945 by Lt. Col. G. D. Gribble, Jr.,1991,80 pp.

_____________________. The Effect of Ultra on the World War II North African Campaign by Col. A.T. Carey, 1982, 53 pp.

_____________________. Magic and Ultra in the China-Burma-India Theater by Col. S.K. Fitzgerald, 1991, 76 pp.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Bureau of Standards. DES Modes of Operation - FIPS 81. Washington: Bureau of Standards, 1980, 26 pp.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack. Appendix E, The "Winds Code." Washington: USGPO, 1946, pp. 469-486. (Xerox)

U.S. Dept. of the Army. FM 32-6, SIGSEC Techniques. Washington: USGPO, 1977.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce. A Guide to Voice Scramblers for Law Enforcement Agencies. NBS Special Pub. 480-8, Dec. 1976, 34 pp.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Computer Security and the Data Encryption Standard. NBS Spec. Pub. 500-27, 1978, 135 pp.

U.S. Dept. of Justice. Voice Privacy Equipment for Law Enforcement Communication Systems. Washington: USGPO, May 1964, 22 pp.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Enhancing the Security of the U.S. Bill [S. 277] preventing disclosure of codes and ciphers. 1949, 5 pp. (Xerox)

U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Report of the Workshop on Cryptography in Support of Computer Security. Washington: Sept., 1977, 61 pp.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Soviet Intelligence and Security Services, 1964-1970. A Selected Bibliography. Washington: USGPO, 1972, 289 pp.

U.S. Office of Naval History. Glossary of U.S. Navbal Code Words. Washington: USGPO, 1947, 33 pp.

U.S. Dept. of the Army. FM 32-7, Signal Security Instructional Packet. Washington: 1977.

U.S. Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy. Report. Washington: USGPO, 1997, 231 pp.

U.S. Navy. Shipboard Communications. Bureau of Navy Personnel, NAVPERS 10806, February, 1949, 200 pp.

U.S. Navy Dept., Office of Chief of Naval Operations. Notes on Communication Security. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1935, 46 pp.

U.S. Navy. General Communications, prepared by Bureau of Naval Personnel, Feb., 1949. Marked Restricted.

U.S. Navy. Office of Chief of Naval Operations.Washington: Elementary Course in Cryptanalysis OP-20-GR

_________. Office  of the Chief of Naval Operations. Elementary Course in Cryptanalysis. OP-16-D-4. Revised 1942.

U.S. War Department. Advanced Military Cryptography, TM 11-485, 1944. Mineral, VA: Buckmaster Publishing, 1993, 113 pp.

U.S. Navy. General Communications. Bureau of Navy Personnel, NAVPERS 10805, February 1949, 192 pp.

U.S. National Archives. SRMA-005. Enemy Analysis of Allied Communications, 15 December 1944, 35 pp. (Xerox).

U.S. National Archives. SRH-038. A Selection of Papers Pertaining to Herbert O. Yardley, 192 pp. (Xerox).

U.S. National Archives. SRH-050. Riverbank Laboratory Correspondence, 1919, 12 pp. (Xerox).

U.S. Congress, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives. Compilation of Intelligence Laws and Related Laws and Executive Orders of Interest to the National Intelligence Community. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1993, 675 pp.

U.S. Congress, Report of the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack (volume 40). Washington, DC: USGPO, 1946, 580 pp.

U.S. Congress, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. House of Representatives. IC21: Intelligence Community in the 21st Century. Washington: USGPO, 1996, 379 pp.

U.S. Army Extension Courses. Subcourse: Military Cryptanalysis, Part IV Transposition and Fractionating Systems, 1941-42. (Introduction and Lesson 1, Lesson 2). Washington: War Dept. Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 5 pp. and 3 pp.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Inquiry Into the U.S.S. Pueblo and EC-121 Plane incidents. Washington: USGPO, 1969, pp. 1620-1696.

U.S. Dept. of Defense. National Security Strategy of Realistic Deterrence. Washington: DOD, 1972, 203 pp.

U.S. Department of Defence. The “Magic” Background of Pearl Harbor.Vol. I (Feb. 14, 1941-May 12,1941). USGPO, 1971, 53 Appendix 73 pp.

___________________________. The “Magic Background of Pearl Harbor. Vol. II (May 12, 1941-Aug. 6, 1941). USGPO, 212 pp., ND.

___________________________. The “Magic” Background of Pearl Harbor. Vol. II, Appendix 609 pp. USGPO, 1978

___________________________. The “Magic” Backgrpound of Pearl Harbor. Vol.III, (Aug. 5, 1941-Oct. 17,1941) USGPO, 337 pp., 1978.

___________________________. The “Magic” Background of Pearl Harbor. Vol. III, Appendex, 662 pp., USGPO, 1978.

___________________________. The “Magic” Background of Pearl Harbor. Vol. IV, (Oct. 17, 1941-Dec. 7, 1941) USGPO, 281 pp.,1978.

___________________________. The “Magic Background of Pearl Harbor. Vol. IV, Appendix, 544 pp. USGPO, 1978.

____________________________. The “Magic Background of Pearl Harbor, Vol. V, 146 pp. USGPO, 1978.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Dept. of Defense Appropriations for 1973, Part 4, Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation. pp. 859, 861-862, 1157, 1161, 1188, 1201, 1234-1248.

U.S. War Dept. Report of the Chief Signal Officer, 1919. Washington: USGPO, 1919, 547 pp.

U.S. War Dept. Intelligence Section, OCSO. General Solution for the ADFGVX Cipher System. Washington: USGPO, 1934, 18 pp.

U.S. War Dept. Studies in German Diplomatic Codes Employed During the World War, C. J. Mendelsohn. Washington: USGPO, 1937, 104 pp. (Xerox)

U.S. Office of the White House Press Secretary. Two page release on changes in the U.S. intelligence community. 11/5/71.

U.S. War Dept. Manual No. 6. Chapter VI. Codes and Ciphers. Visual Signaling, 1910, pp. 84-97. (Xerox)

U.S. War Dept. Signal Corps Bulletin. Articles (ciphers and cipher problems) from #11-#21, #25, #28 and #38. (Xerox)

U.S. War Dept. Military Cryptography, Section II, pp. 204-220, of Basic Field Manual, Vol. IV, Signal Communication. (Xerox)

U.S. War Dept. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Signal Book, U.S. Army, 1916, Document No. 500. Washington: USGPO, 1916, 64 pp.

U.S. War Dept. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Manual of Cryptography by Genral Luigi Sacco. Trans. for the original. USGPO, Washing, 1941, 193 pp. Note by W.F. Friedman.

U.S. War Dept.Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Analysis of a Mechanico-Electrical Cryptograph, Part II, 1935, 128 pp. Xerox copy.

U.S. War Dept. Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Washington. In the late 1930s and early 1940s this office published a series of hardbound publications on cryptologic subjects, usually stamped with registration numbers. They became known as the Black Books from the color of their binding. Titles and other details on the cover were in gold print.Following are 15 titles in that series with one duplicate.

U.S. War Department. Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Restricted. Register No. 24. Manual of Cryptography by General Luigi Sacco. Translated from the original. USGPO, Washington, 1941, 193 pp. Note by W.F.Friedman.

____________. Articles on Cryptography and Cryptanalysis reprinted from The Signal Corps Bulletin. Restricted, 1942, Foreword by W.F. Friedman.1942, 316 pp.

____________. Confidential. Register No. 58. Further Applications of the Principles of Indirect Symmetry of Position in Secondary Alphabets by Frank Rowlett.1935, 29 pp.Autographed. Also second copy with Register No. 17.

____________. Confidential. Register No. 128. Notes on the Liaison Service and the Liaison Intelligence Service of the German Army During the World War. Foreword by W.F. Friedman.1935, 38 pp.

_____________. Confidential. Register No. 43. Final Report of the Radio Intelligence Section, General Staff General Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces. Forword by W.F. Firedman who credits Lt. Col. Frank Moorman,G.S. as author. 1935, 52 pp.

______________. Confidential. Register No. 124. German Military Ciphers From February To November 1918.Forward by W.F. Friedman who credits First Lt. J.R. Childs as main author.Friedman also contributed. 1935, 55 pp.

______________. Confidential. Register No. 42. Statistical Methods in Cryptanalysis Revised Edition by Solomon Kullback.1938, 194 pp.

_______________. Confidential. Register No. 59. Report of Code Compilation Section General Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces. December 1917-November 1918.Foreword by W.F. Friedman who names Capt. Howard R. Barnes as author. 1935, 44 pp.

_______________. Confidential. Register No. 79. General Solution for the ADFGVX Cipher System.1934, 18 pp.

_______________. Confidential. Register No. 53. The Principles Of Indirect Symmetry Of Position In Secondary Alphabets And Their Appplication In The Solution Of Polyalphabetic Substitution Ciphers by William F. Friedman.1935, 21 pp.

_______________.  Confidential. Register No. 89. Principles Of Solution Of Military Field Codes Used By The German Army In 1917.Foreword by William F.Friedman.1935, 28 pp.

_______________ . Confidential. Register No. 87. FIELD CODES Used BY The German Army During The World War by William F. Friedman.1935, 98 pp.

________________.For Official Use Only. Register No.55. Permutation Tables Involving A Feature Of Non-Transposability By Abraham Sinkov. Ph.D.1934. 8 pp. plus 3 Figures.

________________. For Official Use Only. Register No. 142. The Contribution Of The Cryptographic Bureaus In The World War by Yves Gyldén.1935, 87 pp. includes 2 page note by W.F. Friedman on the Russian Cipher System.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Review of Dept. of Defense Worldwide Communications. Phase II. Washington: USGPO, 1972, 16 pp.

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______________. Maksed Dispatches second edition, 2002, 227 pp., 2002,

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______________. Codes, Ciphers & Other Cryptic & Clandestine Communication. NY: Black Dog & Leventhal, 1998, 704 pp.

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Yardley, Herbert O. Amerikas Svarta Kammare. Stockholm, Tiden, 1938, 280 pp.

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Yardley, H.O. The American Black Chamber. Japanese edition, 467 pp.

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Yardley, Herbert O. Stories of the Black Chamber – Secret Ink. 21 printed radio program scripts for 1935 radio serial aired 1/21/1935 – 3/8/1935. Covering letter sighned by H.O. Yardley. Cardboard bound with paper fastners.

___________________. Stories of the Black Chamber – The Spy Exchange. 22 printed radio scripts aired 3/11/35 – 4/29/1935. Covering letter signed by H.O Yardley. Cardbound with paper fastners.

Yardley, Herbert O. Le Cabinet Noir Americain. Paris: Editions De La Nouvelle Revue Critique, 1935, 249 pp.

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Yardley, H.O. The Education of a Poker Player. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1957, 129 pp.

Yardley, H.O. The Chinese Black Chamber. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1983, 225 pp.

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Zorpette, Glenn. The Edison of Secret Codes. NY: The American Heritage of Invention & Technology, Summer, 1994, Vol. 10 /No.  1, pp. 34-43 (Illustrated).

_______________. Breaking The Enemy’s Code. NY:IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 24 No 9, September 1987, pp. 47-51.


Circular grille, KAL-SSB. With operating instructions,Code Tables and settings for Day 18.

Cipher machine code wheels/rotors(plastic).U.S.,machine unknown.

CP-III Manual Encryption Device. Uses a polyalphabetic substitution system to transmit information. Includes encryption board, message sequence generator and enciphering/deciphering tables with 20-page instruction manual. Concord, MA: Technical Communication Corp.

Hagelin C-446A cipher machine. A.B. Cryptoteknik, Stockholm, Sweden.

Hagelin C-52 cipher machine.(possibly jammed) Zug, Switzerland: Crypto AG.

C-389-A. A.B. Cryptoteknik, Sweden.

CD-57. New, with extra set of key wheels, and manual. Zug, Switzerland: Crypto AG.

Hagelin Cryptos Type BC-543. An electrically driven version of the C-446-A with manual. Stockholm, Sweden: A.B. Cryptoteknik.

Pocket Cipher Disk. Boston, MA: Army and Navy Signal Publications, 1917.

Printer Unit Model #109000 made for NSA by Teletype Corp. 3/54. For use in SIGABA (?).

SIGABA Index Rotor (W/O wiring)

SIGABA Rotor (Wiring removed)

Slidex RT Code with folding case, code cards and cursors, long and short. Case has frame to hold card and cursors. Includes instructions. Designed for use by Allied forces for invasion of Normandy.

Sliding code device marked SECRET. Possibly produced overseas by local U.S. Navy unit.

Swedish cipher machine HC-9

TST 1221 Pocket Cipher Set with a key period of 1080  to the 80th. Microprocesor controlled with C-MOS integrated circuits. New with charger and instructions. Poecking, Germany: Tele Security Timmann.

U.S. Army Signal Corps, Celluloid Cipher Disk (ca.1910).

U.S. Army Signal Corps 30-strip cipher device, M-138-A, folding aluminum board, with simulated strips and original carrying case, 1938.

Another M-138-A with simulated strips w/o carrying case.

U.S. Army Signal Corps. M-209-B. L.C. Smith & Corona Typewriter, Inc. New condition with manual, all accessories and carrying case.

U.S. Army Signal Corps. M-94 cylindrical pocket cipher device with 25 disks.

U.S. Army M-325 (Invented by W.F. Friedman)

U.S. Army Tape Coder, MX-4496/GRA-71

U.S. Coding Device marked M9. Rectangular (3½” x 7”) rotating code device.

U.S. Navy. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Training Aid 40-061 for Semaphore Signalling.

U.S. Navy 30-Strip Cipher Device (Penelope System(?) Folding aluminum board. Similar to U.S. Army M-138-A but smaller. Contains many of the original strips.

Swiss (NEue Maschine) NEMA Cipher Machine. Type T-d No. 261. Zellweger A.C.


a.b. Cryptograph. Portable cryptograph type A-22, Electro-Cryptographer type B-13. 4 pp. leaflet.

Aktiebolaget Cryptograph catalogue, 1922, 22 pp.

Ciphering Typewriter – Enigma. 16 pp. brochure.

Com/Tech Systems Inc. Secre/Data Models 101-114.

Data Transmission Sciences, Inc. Telephones for Voice Privacy. Descriptive literature.

Datotek, Inc. Datacoder model DC-110, Datacoder 108, Datacoder model DC-105. Descriptive literature on each model plus advertising.

DDT 970, Computer Cryptographic System brochure. TKG, W. Germany. Timmann Tele-Kommunikations, Geraete.

Com/Tech Systems Inc. Secre/Data Models 101-114, descriptive literature plus Electronic News photo (9/6/91).

Ciphering Typewriter - Enigma. 16 page brochure.

Card Key Systems. Securiti-Lock Access Control Systems and Machine Readable Credentials.

Cyberlock Data Encryption. Uses 56-bit high-level Data Encryption Standard plus addition of Random Coding and Random Transpostion for added protection. Design Automation Systems  Inc., Houston, TX.

Crypto AG. Brochures on H-4605 Cryptrol, Cryptoplex MCC 314, Cryptovox CSE-280, Cryptovox cvx-396 CV-196,  Cryptocom CRM-008, Tape Translator PEH-72

Crypto AG (Hagelin-Cryptos) Binder (36 pp.) containing brochures describing CD-57, C-52, B-621, PEB-61 and TCE-55.

Crypto AG (Hagelin-Cryptos) Binder (21 pp.) with brochures describing the new ciphering machine Type H-460, The Shift Register, and the “MM” Movement.

Crypto AG (Hagelin-Cryptos) Binder. Description of CRYPTOGRAPHERS “HAGELIN” TYPE CX-52. 36 pp. plus 14 illustrations. Aug. 1956.

____________________________. Effect of computers on the security of Hagelin cryptographer type C-52. Oct. 1962, 7 pp.

____________________________. Electronic On-Line Cipher Equipment Cryptrol Cryptographer Type H-460, VFH/UHF Voice Ciphering transceiver Cryptovox cse-280. (Descriptive color brochures)

____________________________. Usage of Hagelin cryptographer C-52. 10/10/62, 27 pp.

____________________________.Cryptomatic HC-500 System. Brochure No. 250.

____________________________. Crypto Presents Crypto. Large glossy full color illustrated brochure with description abd photographs of its facilities.

Crypto Industries. Model 213 Crypto Generator. (Decriptivr folder.)

Data Transmission Sciences, Inc. Telephones for Voice Privacy.(Descriptive literature)

Datotek, Inc. Datocoder Model DC-110, Datocoder 108, Datocoder Model DC-105.

DDT 970, Computer Cryptographic System brochure. West Germany: Timmann-Tele-Kommunikations.

Description et Fonctionnement du Cryptographe Hagelin B-211. Paris: La Techniques Française, 16 pp. plus 6 pp. of diagrams of B-211.

DH-26 Handheld Encryption Unit. A Learnig Text Owner’s Manual. Dallas, TX: Datotech, Inc. 1972, 30 pp.

Directions for Captain Sommerfeldt’s Secret Writing Apparatus, 1883. Copy of Danish paper plus English translation.

Equipment Serviceability Criteria for Communications Security Equipment TSEC/KW-7. Washington, DC: Dept. of the Army Technical Manual TM 11-5810-221-ESC, 12pp.

Evans Jr., A. and W. Kantrowitz. A User Athentication Scheme not requiring Secrecy in the Computer. Communications of the ACM, Aug. 1974, 437-442.

Exhibition at Eurocrypt ’87 Amsterdam. Brief descriptin of 17 cipher devices/machines.

Gretacoder 101 Speech Scrambler.

Gretacoder 905 spec sheet.

Gretag, The Concept of Ciphering, 11 pp.

Gretag TC-800 Automatic off-line ciphering system. Business coder System. Descriptive literature on each.

Gretag TC 802/B. 5pp.

Gretag. Im Dienate Militärischer Nachrichten-übermittlung. CIBA-Blättern No. 216, Juli/Aug, 1968.

Gretag. Your partner in communications Security. Encryptio, Authentication, Indentification. 4-page folder featuring Gretacoder 518, 519, 715, and 517.

Guide to the use of Gr. Orloff’s Cipher Machine. Copy of Danish paper plus English translation, 12 pp.

Ground/data Corp. Data Sequestor model JJC-3. Voice Sequestor Developmental Model 201. Ground/data Corp.

The Concept of Ciphering. Regensdorf-Zurich, Switzerland: Gretag Ltd., 1966, 6 pp.

The Japanese Jade, Coral, Purple and Red Machines. Two page summary for each machine. First page describes enciphering operation and second page is a flow chart of the enciphering process.

The Secret Manual for the Siemans Teletypewriter Type 52 (Geheimschreiber) Berlin, 1937. Produced by the Supreme Command of the Navy, 57 pp.

The Hagelin Cryptographer. March 25, 1948, 4 pp.

_________________________. Ciphering machine type B-211 and C-36. Dec. 1936.

_________________________. Type C-48A. Maech 1942, 10 pp. + 2 photographs.

_________________________. Type CX-52 (Condensed instructions) Zug, Swutzerland: May 1955, 12 pp. + 4 photographs.

_________________________. Type C-52. Instructions for operation. Zug, Switzerland: 32 pp. + 8 illustrations, 6/7/60.

________________________. Type C-446A. July 1946, 12 pp.

U.S. War Dept. Technical Manual 11-380. Converter M-209-B, 20 Sept. 1943, 42 pp. (TM 11-380B).

The Hagelin Cryptographers. March 25, 1948, 4 pp.

The Hagelin Cryptographers, Ciphering Machines type B-211 and C-36. Dec. 1936.

The Hagelin Cryptographer type C-446A. July 1946, 12 pp.

History of Converter M-325. Washington: National Archives, 47 pp.

U.S. Army Security Agency. Operating Keying Instructions for Converter M-325 (T). July 1948, 20 pp.

Herbern Electric Code, Inc. Copy of booklet on Hebern code machine plus 2 US Navy reports on tests of Herbern machines.

Hughes Microelectronics System Div., CA. Folders on communications security products.

IBM. White Plais, NY. Brochures on data encryption devices and publications. IBM 3844 cryptographic unit. Produce description and operating procedures.

Instructions for hemmelig skrift. Krisliania, Norway, 1916, 11 pp.

Intellicon. Chatsworth, CA. Brochures on microcipher data security system.

Jeray Proc. The KL7 off-line crypt unit. 3 pp.

Bedienungsanweising zur Chiffriermaschine "Kryha-Standard."  10 pp.

The Kryha Ciphering and Deciphering Machine. Description and instructions. 28 pp.

Die Kryha – Chiffrier-Maschine. 12 pp.

Grimsen, G. Cryptographic Telegraph Equipment Mi 544. Electrical Communications No. 3, 1958, pp. 209-214.

Kryha Standard & Liliput plus other models.

Lynch Communications Systems Inc. Solid State Spech Scrambler E75.

Livert Voor Chiffreermachines Hagelin C-446-A. Netherlands Naval Communications Maintenance Log for C-446-A. 2/16/49. 6 pp.

Marconi Communications Systems, Chelmsford, England. Brochures on security products.

Marconi Space and Defense Systems. 7 brochures.

Mieco, Division of Polarod Electronics Corp.Leaflets, descriptive sheets and price list for scramblers.

Motorola Data Security Modules booklet.

Motorola Info-guard Secret Code System

Motorola, Inc. Scottsdale, AZ: Brochures/ads on security products.

Objects in Cipher Machine Exhibit. The National Museum of American History. 1981-1982. Washington: Smithsonian Institute, 11 pp.

Operating and Keying Instructions for Converter M-325(T). Headquarters, Army Security Agency, July 1948, 20 pp.

Operatig Instructions for Converter M-161-c, short title SIGLSV (redacted copy). Washigton: WD, Office of the CSO, 24 pp.

Operatig Instructions for the Enigma Cipher machine dated Jue 12, 1940. Ciphering instructions for the Enigma, 6/8/37.
Ciphering Instructions for the Enigma Cipher Machine dated June 8, 1937.

Operation manual for ciphering machine HC-9. Complementary description of the cryptologic function of the H-C machine. Stockholn, Sweden: Ab Transvertex.

Philips Defense Eletronic. Jarfalla, Sweden: Brochires and folders on HADAX Digita; Message Device 9 SB 600.

9 EC 450. Philips on-line Crypto Eequipment brochure.

Philips On-Line Crypto Equipment. Brochure.

Product survey and presentations of Transvertex – producers of ciphering equipment. Details on HC-9, TA-1, TC-13, SR-22, SRL-12 and SV-22. Norsborg, Sweden: AB Transvertex, 4 pp.

Racal-Datacom Ltd. Salisbury, England. Brochures MA 4210 Alphanumeric Pocket Cipher.

Racal Milgo, Miami, FL. Brochures and articles on security products.

Ricoh Corp. West Caldwell, NJ. Brochuires on security  equipment.

Rockex Cipher Machine. Documents from Australian archives.

Rockwell International. CR-300 Encryptor Card. 1 page.

Secure Computing Corp, Roseville, MN. Three folders describing security equipment.

Securiti-Lock Access Control Systems and Machnine Readable Credentials. Card Key Systems.

Security Systems Int. Folder on Secure Communications Terminal, SSI Fatype; Alpha Numeric Data Cipher System, DC-24 Series; color photo.

Several foldrs on security products. Tucker, GA: AO Electronic, Inc.

Standard Security Systems. Catalog and price list. June 1, 1971.

TM 11-5835-224-12. Operator and Organizational Maintenance Manual, Coder-Burst Transmission Group AN/GRA--71. Washington, DC: HQ, Dept. of the Army, May 1964, 76 pp. plus June 1966 update, 19 pp.

Technical Communications Corp. Concord, MA. Brochures on communications security equipment.

Technical Communications Corp. Data Privacy System, DPD-72 and other privacy devices.

Tele Security Timmans (TST) More than 14 product sheets and folders on cipher machines plus manual for TST 1221.

Telsy six pp. folder on Scrambler secure communications plus 4-page folder on TDS 1000 series.

TM 11-380. Technical Manual. Converter M-209. Washington, DC: War Dept., April 27, 1942.

TM 11-380B. Technical Manual. Converter M-209-B. Washington, DC: War Dept., 20 Sept. 1943, 46 pp. (2).

TM 11-380. War Dept. Technical Manual. Converter M-209, M-209-A, M-209-B (cipher). Washington, DC: War Dept., 17 March 1944, 79 pp.

TM 11-380. War Dept. Technical Manual. Converter M-209, M-209-A, M-209-B (Cipher). Washington, DC: War Dept., May 1947, 170 pp. (2) plus 6 pp. update, 10 April 1951.

U.S. War Department. Technical Manual TM 11-380, RESTRICTED, Converter M-209, April 27, 1942, 32 pp. + 2 foldouts of M-209.

____________________. Technicl Manual TM 11-380, Converter M-209-B, 20 September 1943, 42 pp. + 2 foldouts of M-209-B. 2 copies.

_____________________. Technical Manual TM 11-380, Converter M-209, M-209-A, M-209-B (cipher), 17 March 1944, illustrated, 79 pp.

_____________________. Technical Manual TM 11-380, Converter M-209, M-209-A, M-209-B (cipher), May 1947, illustrated with five chapters: Introduction, Operating Instructions, Preventive Maintenance, Auxiliary Equipment, and Repair Instructions plus 6 appendices. 170 pp. 2 copies.

U.S. Army Signal Corps Message Book M-210 (2 copies)

SRMA-003. U.S. Converter M-228 (Short Title SIGCUM), 10 pp.

Type C-36. French War Dept. Instruction Manual. 14 pp.

Vérifications du Cryptographe B-211 Sérce F. 4 pp.

Xanthos Xoftware, Inc. Cipher/1 module.


Decoding Nazi Secrets. Boston: WGBH, NOVA Special, 11/9/99, 2 hour TV program.

Codebreakers. Boston: NOVA, WGBH, 1993, 1 hour TV program.

Hinsley, Sir Harry. Colossus and the German High Grade Cyphers. England: History of Technology Meeting,3/26/87, Two audio tapes.

History Mysteries: America’s Most Secret Agency. NY: History Channel, Videotape,1 hour., 1/8/01.

Look What I Found. Making Codes and Solving Mysteries. Projects and Activities. Cambridge, MA: Intervideo,Inc., 45-minute videotape.

Navaho Code Talkers: The Epic Story. Glendale, CA: KCET/DIMAC, Videotape, 55 minutes.

Randell, Brian et al. Code Breaking Computers of 1944. England: History of Technology Meeting, 3/26/87, two audio tapes.

Rendezvous. 1935 MGM film with William Powell & Rosalind Rissell. 91 minutes (Videotape). Based on book by Herbert O. Yardley, The Blonde Countess.

Sekret Enigmy. Videotape. Sarasota, FL: POLart, 1979, 158 minutes.

60 Minutes. The Ultra Secret. TV Script. CBS TV, Aug. 3, 1975.

The Secret Code. 1942 15-chapter serial with Paul Kelly. With code lessons by Henry Lysing at end of each chapter. Columbia Pictures. (Videotape)

The Secret War, Vol. 3, Deadly Waves & Still Secret. Nashville, TN: British Regalia Imports, Videotape, 102 minutes.

Sworn to Secrecy: Battle of the Atlantic. NT: The History Channel,Secrets of War, 1998, 1 hour videotape.

Sworn to Secrecy: Breaking the Japanese Code. NY: The History Channel, 1 hour videotape.

Sworn to Secrecy: The Ultra Enigma. NY: The History Channel,  Secrets of War, 1998, 1 hour.

Sworn to Secrecy: The Ultra Enigma and Battle of the Atlantic, The History Channel, 1 hour videotape.

U.S. War Dept. Training Film for M-209. Video tape. VIDEO/AUDIO TAPES. end

Advertising Post Card Coded Message. Palmer, MA: E.S. Gibbons, dealer in boots and shoes.

Advertising Poster, 48”x13” for Cadbury’s Caramilk Bar featuring a cipher.

Coleman, William. Letter dated June 14, 1796 contains message in old shorthand system. Coleman was friend of Alexander Hamilton and editor/publisher of New York Post.

Commemorative medal of Boris Hagelin issued by Crypto-AG, 1955.

Conet Project: Recordings of Shortwave Numbers Stations. London: IRDIAL-Disks, 1997.

Framed First Day Cover of Polish postage stamp issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of breakig German Enigma cipher machine messages by the three Polish cryptanalysts pictured on the cover. Includes strip of five postage stamps.

Framed first day covers(2)of U.S. postge stamp celebrating “Allies decipher secret enemy codes,” 1942.

Framed series of six Austrian postate stamps featuring secret writing.

Framed stamps issued by Egypt and France in 1972 to commemorate the 15oth anniversary of the decipherment of the Rosetta Stone by J.F. Champollian.

Lecture Bureau 4-page, 8 ½ ”x 11”, folder promoting Donald Millikin, Code and Cipher Expert as a speaker on Secret Communications and related topics.

Littlefield, Jack. BIINC (Melancholy Notes on a Cablegram Code Book). Reprinted from the New Yorker. New York: Acme Code Company, 8 pp.

Mann, Alan. Charts & Ciphers. An artist’s interpretation. “The five ‘ciphers’ have elements of language within them.” The five charts contain elements of travel or of a voyage. Ballarat, Victria, Australia: This book is #20 in an edition of 60. Packaged in a black wooden box with a sliding cover.

Photograph of W.F. Friedman, Col. G. Fabyan, E. Smith (Friedman) & others, seated in front of U.S. Army officers who had just completed 1918 training course in cryptology by Friedman. They are posed to depict the message, “Knowledge is Power” in the Baconian cipher. (Full size framed copy, 48”x15”)

Post Card with photograph of The Phaistos Disk

Poster (framed-18”x24”) Old Time Radio Premiums, Decoders, etc..

The Poly-Alphabets-Riverbank Laboratories-Geneva, Illinois. Pencil imprinted with alphabets (1917?)

U.S. Army Insignia.
Army Security Agency 2nd Signal Co., ASA Signal School 3rd Signal School, Signal School 5th Signal Bn.,U.S. Signal Corps (Enamel) 93rd Signal Bn., U.S. Army Signal Corps (Brass) 123rd Signal Bn., U.S. Army Signal Corps (Patch) 212 Signal Bn., Military Intelligence 1962, 560 Signal Bn. Reserve Army Security Branch.


Alphabet slide rule.

Bobby Benson’s Code Book. Uses Playfair cipher as Bobby’s own code. Hecker-H-O Company, Inc. 1935, 24 pp.

Bobby Benson’s Code Rule. Hecker-H-O Co.,Inc.. 1935

Buck Rogers Satellite Pioneers – How to Write in Code. 4-page leaflet.

Buck Rogers TWIKI Communications Set. Includes two cipher disks. Long Beach, NY: H.G. Toys Inc.

Burnoy,Codemaker, Six-level cipher disk. Chicago, IL: B.W. Burke, 1934.

Cap’n Crunch Detective Kit Official Code Breaker. (1986).

Cap’n Crunch Sercet Decoder.

Cap’n Crunch Detective Crunch Squad with official Code Breaker. 1970s.

Captain Midnight Dial Code-o-Graph. Brass decoder, 1941.

________________ Key-O-Matic Code-O-Grapg. Brass Decoder, 1949.

________________ Photomatic Decoder. Brass Badge, 1942.

________________ Mirro-Magic Brass/Plastic Decoder, 1948.

________________ Mirro-Flash Code-O-Graph. Brass Decoder, 1946.

________________ Captain Midnight Silver Dart “SQ” Jet Plane Decoder. Plastic Badge, 1957.

________________ Whistling Code-O-Graph. Plastic Decoser, 1947.

Chex Agent Ring Decoder.

Cipher Disk (Plastic with container) Naval Electronics Systems, Security Engineering Center.

Representation of the Confederate Cipher Disk, circa 1863. Naval Electronic Systems, Security Engineering Center.

Crypto AG Cipher Disk, with instruction sheet, has blank spaces for user to fill with cipher alphabet. Disk allows user to select cipher key. (Plastic promotion item) Zug, Switzerland: Hagelin-Cryptos.

Code-A- Graph, alternating letter code system. Playganes Inc., 1934.

Code and Decode Message Kit. Includes battery operated telegraph key, code & decode cipher disk and a grille. Bklyn, NY: Pressman Toy Corp., 1957 (?).

Code-Maker Slide Rule with Three Alphabet rows and two rows of numbers. Chicago, IL.: Fun Inc.

Crypt-Fun Puzzles for the Crypto fan. 1938 game invested by R.B. Reimer.

CRYPTEX Hardware Encryption Package for Computers. 1977.

The Crypto-riter.

The Crypto-Set-A Mechanical System of Secret Writing. “Headquarters” Army Game invented by R.B. Reimer. 1937.

Dan Sorkin’s Nifty KSFO Decoder and Love Object.

Dick Tracy “Code-Maker.”

Dick Tracy Grille Decoder.

Dig ‘EM’s Secret Decoder. Kellogg, 1988.

Dragnet Code Chart. Cipher Disk, 1955.

Need to Know Electronic Decoder H10-100. Mt. Holly, NJ: Franklin Electronic Publishers.

HNF German Krypto Disk (5 ½” Cardboard). Paderborn, Germany: Heinz Nixdorf Forum.

Hoppy’s Secret Code. Hopalong Cassidy Badge.

Hush Puppies Club 26 Secret Password Decoder. Wolverine World Wide Inc.1968.

Inter-Galactic Space Decoder (Large), 1978.

Jackson, Robert. Secret Codes: Create and Send Your Own Hidden Messages and Cryptic Communications. (Includes two Jefferson wheels, Morse code units, semaphores, and more.) Philadelphia) PA: Running Press Books Pub., 2002, 32 pp.

Junior Federal Agent Secret Code Chart. NY: Transogram Co., Inc. 1947.

Magic Monster Decoder (cardboard).

Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars Decoder Wheel, 1984.

Motorola Info-guard Secret Code Syatem. (Large cioher disk with 50 positions.)

Mystery Code Finder. A master code wheel for sending and receiving secret messages. Contains the new International Phonetic Alphabet and how to use it in secret messages.

Mystery Writing: The Wonders of Secret Ink as use by Spies in the Great War. Included instructions for using ther Code-O-Graph. Playgames, Inc., 1934.

Ovaltine Secret Decoder Ring. Ca. 2000.

OUI Decoder Cipher Ring. NY: OUI Magazine, 1974.

Promotion poster for OUI Decoder Cipher Ring.

P.F. Dolphin « Magic Whistle » with message flasher, Decoder, Sundail, and secret compartment. Ca. 196.

The Phantom Sheriff’s Secret Code & Cypher Key with instructions for use (cipher disk).

A Puck Cryptogame by Col. Parker Hitt.

Random Number Pad (replica) with instructions. 40 pp.

ROA (Radio Orphan Annue) Brass Decoder, 1935.

ROA Secret Compartment Brass Decoder, 1936.

ROA’s Secret Society. Ten page booklet provides Annie’s new 1937 Secret Signs and Symbols.

ROA Speed-O-Matic Brass Decoder Badge, 1940.

ROA Sunburst Brass Decoder Badge, 1937.

ROA Telematic Brass Decoder Badge, 1938.

ROA Mysto-Matic Brass Decoder Badge, 1939.

Reynard, Robert. Secret Code Breaker Cipher Slide. Includes instructions for four different cipher systems. Jacksonville, FL: Smith & Daniel Pub., 1998, 10 pp.

ROTOCODE CODER. Commercial grille device. Toronto, Canada, 1995.

Spider-Man Decoder.

Spy King’s Spy Detecto Writer (decoder).

The AppleJacks – Kids Secret Decoder (plastic). Kellogg, 1983.

The Squirrels Secret Decoder with four alphabets. Glendale Federal Savings.

Strip Cipher Device made of wood by craftsman,Henrik W. Langen, with 26 movable strips, based on device invented by Captain Parker Hitt.

Syllabic Cipher Disk. Hand-masde by M.E. Ohaver.

The Pocket Signal Disk. U.S. Service Issue. An original time saving device for instructions and review in the General Service and Semaphore Signal Codes. La Jolla, CA: The Standard Novelty Co., 1942.

Tom Corbett Space Cadet Code, 1951. Cardboard decoder.

Top Secret Code Writer. Two grilles and message pads with instructions on writing secret messages. Bridgeport, CT: V.S. Corp.

United States Army and Navy Semaphore Code. The International Morse Code and Semaphore or Two-Flag Code. Tuscarore, MD: Flag Signal Instructor Co., 1917.

Usborne Publishing Spycraft Kit. Tulsa, OK: EDC Pub. Co., 1997.

Various (6) cipher disks apparently handmade as prototype for The Crypto-Set by R.B. Reimer.

The Williams Mechanical Cipher inscribed to M.E. Ohaver from Warner W. Williams. This is a cipher disk with 6 wheels. Boston: MA: Williams Cipher Co., 1932.

Non-Military Ciphers,Devices/Codes: Amateur, Juvenile, Decoders,etc. END.

ALEX Undercover Detective Activity Kit. Englewood, NJ: Panlines U.S.A.

Code Kit. Oxfordshire, England: John Adams Trading Co., Ltd.

Decipher. Decode your opponents secret word. New York, NY: Pressmony Toy Corp., 1977.

Decipher. Jigsaw puzzle with number cipher. $100.000 award to first correct solver. Stillwater, OK: Pente Games,Inc., 1983

Decipher III Puzzle. Two-sided jigsaw puzzle with three coded messages with $100,000 prize to winner. Norfolk, VA: Decipher, Inc., 1987.

Fargo North, Decoder Secret Word Game. Springfield, MA: Milton Bradley Co., 1978.

My Ultra Secret Spy Stuff. Van Nugs, CA: Swingset Press, 2001

Nancy Drew – Secrets Can Kill. Computer game with CD-ROM. Solve over 75 cryptic codes and puzzles hiden throughout the game. Bellevue, WA: Herinteractive. COM, 1996.

Secret Agent Kit. Anderson, NC: Royco Inc., 2001

Spy Master Code Kit. Contains 2 code watches, 2 Scytale staffs, combination cypher and two “Enigma” code cards. Far Rockaway, NY: Natural Science Industries, 1996.

Spy Tech.Spy Code Watch. Includes three interchangeable code disks for watch with instruction booklet. Morristown, NJ: Tyco Inductries, 1987.